Browsing by Author Helsinki University Hospital

Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
or enter first few letters:  
Showing results 1 to 13 of 13
Issue DateTitleAuthor(s)
1-Jan-2014Attribution of 12 high-risk human papillomavirus genotypes to infection and cervical diseaseElmar A. Joura; Kevin A. Ault; F. Xavier Bosch; Darron Brown; Jack Cuzick; Daron Ferris; Suzanne M. Garland; Anna R. Giuliano; Mauricio Hernandez-Avila; Warner Huh; Ole Erik Iversen; Susanne K. Kjaer; Joaquin Luna; Dianne Miller; Joseph Monsonego; Nubia Munoz; Evan Myers; Jorma Paavonen; Punnee Pitisuttithum; Marc Steben; Cosette M. Wheeler; Gonzalo Perez; Alfred Saah; Alain Luxembourg; Heather L. Sings; Christine Velicer; Medizinische Universitat Wien; University of Kansas Medical Center; Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica de Bellvitge; Indiana University School of Medicine Indianapolis; Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry; Augusta University; University of Melbourne; Moffitt Cancer Center; Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica; University of Alabama; Universitetet i Bergen; Kraeftens Bekaempelse; Kobenhavns Universitet; Fundación Universitaria Sanitas; The University of British Columbia; Institut du Col; National Institute of Cancer; Duke University Medical Center; Helsinki University Hospital; Mahidol University; Institut National de Sante Publique Du Quebec; University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center; Merck & Co., Inc.; Universidad del Rosario
17-Dec-2013Cross-protection elicited by primary and booster vaccinations against Japanese encephalitis: A two-year follow-up studyElina O. Erra; Helena Hervius Askling; Sutee Yoksan; Lars Rombo; Jukka Riutta; Sirkka Vene; Lars Lindquist; Olli Vapalahti; Anu Kantele; University of Helsinki Haartman Institute; Helsinki University Hospital; Karolinska Institutet; Mahidol University; Sormland County Council; Medical Centre Aava; Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control; Helsingin Yliopisto
15-Jan-2013Cross-protective capacity of Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccines against circulating heterologous JE virus genotypesElina O. Erra; Helena Hervius Askling; Sutee Yoksan; Lars Rombo; Jukka Riutta; Sirkka Vene; Lars Lindquist; Olli Vapalahti; Anu Kantele; University of Helsinki Haartman Institute; Helsinki University Hospital; Karolinska Institutet; Mahidol University; Sörmland County Council; Medical Centre Aava; Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control; Department of Veterinary Biosciences; Helsingin Yliopisto
1-Nov-2011Genome-wide association study identifies loci influencing concentrations of liver enzymes in plasmaJohn C. Chambers; Weihua Zhang; Joban Sehmi; Xinzhong Li; Mark N. Wass; Pim Van Der Harst; Hilma Holm; Serena Sanna; Maryam Kavousi; Sebastian E. Baumeister; Lachlan J. Coin; Guohong Deng; Christian Gieger; Nancy L. Heard-Costa; Jouke Jan Hottenga; Brigitte Kühnel; Vinod Kumar; Vasiliki Lagou; Liming Liang; Jian'An Luan; Pedro Marques Vidal; Irene Mateo Leach; Paul F. O'Reilly; John F. Peden; Nilufer Rahmioglu; Pasi Soininen; Elizabeth K. Speliotes; Xin Yuan; Gudmar Thorleifsson; Behrooz Z. Alizadeh; Larry D. Atwood; Ingrid B. Borecki; Morris J. Brown; Pimphen Charoen; Francesco Cucca; Debashish Das; Eco J.C. De Geus; Anna L. Dixon; Angela Döring; Georg Ehret; Gudmundur I. Eyjolfsson; Martin Farrall; Nita G. Forouhi; Nele Friedrich; Wolfram Goessling; Daniel F. Gudbjartsson; Tamara B. Harris; Anna Liisa Hartikainen; Simon Heath; Gideon M. Hirschfield; Albert Hofman; Georg Homuth; Elina Hyppönen; Harry L.A. Janssen; Toby Johnson; Antti J. Kangas; Ido P. Kema; Jens P. Kühn; Sandra Lai; Mark Lathrop; Markus M. Lerch; Yun Li; T. Jake Liang; Jing Ping Lin; Ruth J.F. Loos; Nicholas G. Martin; Miriam F. Moffatt; Grant W. Montgomery; Patricia B. Munroe; Kiran Musunuru; Yusuke Nakamura; Christopher J. O'Donnell; Isleifur Olafsson; Brenda W. Penninx; Imperial College London; National Health Service; London North West Healthcare NHS Trust; Hammersmith Hospital; Royal Brompton Hospital; University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen; deCODE genetics; Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche; Erasmus University Medical Center; Netherlands Genomics Initiative; Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universitat Greifswald; Third Military Medical University; Helmholtz Center Munich German Research Center for Environmental Health; Boston University School of Medicine; Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam; Institute of Medical Science The University of Tokyo; University of Oxford; Harvard School of Public Health; Addenbrooke's Hospital; Institut Universitaire de Medecine Sociale et Preventive Lausanne; Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics; Oulun Yliopisto; Ita-Suomen yliopisto; University of Michigan Medical School; University Michigan Ann Arbor; GlaxoSmithKline; Washington University in St. Louis, School of Medicine; Cambridge Institute for Medical Research; Mahidol University; National Heart and Lung Institute; The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine; Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois; Hopitaux universitaires de Geneve; Laboratory in Mjodd; John Radcliffe Hospital; Brigham and Women's Hospital; Harvard Medical School; Harvard Stem Cell Institute; National Institute on Aging; Centre National de Genotypage; University of Toronto; Toronto Western Hospital University of Toronto; University of Birmingham; UCL Institute of Child Health; Barts and The London Queen Mary's School of Medicine and Dentistry; Fondation Jean Dausset - CEPH; University Medicine Greifswald; The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; Queensland Institute of Medical Research; Massachusetts General Hospital; Framingham Heart Study; Landspitali University Hospital; Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine - EMGO; Leiden University Medical Center - LUMC; National Institute for Health and Welfare; Westfalische Wilhelms-Universitat Munster; The Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute of University of Toronto; Toronto General Research Institute University of Toronto; King's College London; University of Michigan School of Public Health; Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen; Klinikum der Universitat Munchen; Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research InstituteMount Sinai HospitalToronto; University of Maryland School of Medicine; Centre for Medical Systems Biology; Churchill Hospital; Helsinki University Hospital; Institute for Molecular Medicine FIMM; Helsingin Yliopisto; University of Iceland; Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai; Health Protection Agency
16-Dec-2015Global validation of the WSES Sepsis Severity Score for patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections: A prospective multicentre study (WISS Study)Massimo Sartelli; Fikri M. Abu-Zidan; Fausto Catena; Ewen A. Griffiths; Salomone Di Saverio; Raul Coimbra; Carlos A. Ordoñez; Ari Leppaniemi; Gustavo P. Fraga; Federico Coccolini; Ferdinando Agresta; Asrhaf Abbas; Saleh Abdel Kader; John Agboola; Adamu Amhed; Adesina Ajibade; Seckin Akkucuk; Bandar Alharthi; Dimitrios Anyfantakis; Goran Augustin; Gianluca Baiocchi; Miklosh Bala; Oussama Baraket; Savas Bayrak; Giovanni Bellanova; Marcelo A. Beltràn; Roberto Bini; Matthew Boal; Andrey V. Borodach; Konstantinos Bouliaris; Frederic Branger; Daniele Brunelli; Marco Catani; Asri Che Jusoh; Alain Chichom-Mefire; Gianfranco Cocorullo; Elif Colak; David Costa; Silvia Costa; Yunfeng Cui; Geanina Loredana Curca; Terry Curry; Koray Das; Samir Delibegovic; Zaza Demetrashvili; Isidoro Di Carlo; Nadezda Drozdova; Tamer El Zalabany; Mushira Abdulaziz Enani; Mario Faro; Mahir Gachabayov; Teresa Giménez Maurel; Georgios Gkiokas; Carlos Augusto Gomes; Ricardo Alessandro Teixeira Gonsaga; Gianluca Guercioni; Ali Guner; Sanjay Gupta; Sandra Gutierrez; Martin Hutan; Orestis Ioannidis; Arda Isik; Yoshimitsu Izawa; Sumita A. Jain; Mantas Jokubauskas; Aleksandar Karamarkovic; Saila Kauhanen; Robin Kaushik; Jakub Kenig; Vladimir Khokha; Jae Il Kim; Victor Kong; Renol Koshy; Avidyl Krasniqi; Ashok Kshirsagar; Zygimantas Kuliesius; Konstantinos Lasithiotakis; Pedro Leão; Jae Gil Lee; Miguel Leon; Aintzane Lizarazu Pérez; Varut Lohsiriwat; Eudaldo López-Tomassetti Fernandez; Eftychios Lostoridis; Raghuveer Mn; Piotr Major; Athanasios Marinis; Daniele Marrelli; Aleix Martinez-Perez; Sanjay Marwah; Michael McFarlane; Renato Bessa Melo; Cristian Mesina; Nick Michalopoulos; Radu Moldovanu; Ouadii Mouaqit; Akutu Munyika; Ionut Negoi; Ioannis Nikolopoulos; Gabriela Elisa Nita; Macerata Hospital; College of Medicine and Health Sciences United Arab Emirates University; Maggiore Hospital; Queen Elizabeth Hospital, University Hospital Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust; Ospedale Maggiore; University of California, San Diego; Universidad del Valle, Cali; Helsinki University Hospital; Universidade Estadual de Campinas; Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital; General Surgery; Mansoura University, Faculty of Medicine; Al Ain Hospital; University of Ilorin; Ahmadu Bello University; LAUTECH Teaching Hospital; Mustafa Kemal Universitesi; King Fahad Medical City; Primary Health Care Centre of Kissamos; University of Zagreb School of Medicine; Brescia Civil Hospital; Hadassah University Medical Centre; Regional Hospital of Bizerte; T. C. Saglik Bakanligi, Taksim Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi; Ospedale S. Chiara; Hospital de La Serena; SG Bosco Hospital; Novosibirsk State Medical University; University Hospital of Larissa; CHU Angers; Ospedale di Città di Castello; Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza; Kuala Krai Hospital; Regional Hospital; Policlinico Paolo Giaccone; Samsun Education and Research Hospital; Universitat d'Alacant; CHVNG/E; Tianjin Nankai Hospital; Emergency Municipal Hospital Pascani; Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital; University Clinical Center; Kipshidze Central University Hospital; Hamad General Hospital; Pauls Stradins Clinical University Hospital; Bahrain Defence Force Royal Medical Services; Fundacao Universitaria do ABC, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC; Vladimir City Clinical Hospital of Emergency Medicine; Hospital Miguel Servet; Aretaieion Hospital; Hospital Universitário Terezinha de Jesus; Hospital Escola Padre Albino; Ascoli Piceno Hospital; Trabzon Kanuni Training and Research Hospital; Government Medical College & Hospital Chandigarh; University Hospital in Bratislava; General Hospital of Kavala; Mengucek Gazi Training and Research Hospital; Jichi Medical University; S. M. S. Hospital; Lithuanian University of Health Sciences; University of Belgrade; Turun Yliopistollinen Keskussairaala; Uniwersytet Jagiellonski w Krakowie; City Hospital; Inje University, College of Medicine; Edendale Hospital; University Clinical Center of Kosovo; Krishna Hospital; Vilniaus universitetas; NHS Foundation Trust; Universidade do Minho, Escola de Ciencias da Saude; Yonsei University College of Medicine; Hospital Universitario La Paz; Hospital Universitario Donostia; Mahidol University; Hospital Insular, Las Palmas; Kavala General Hospital; Mysore Medical College; Collegium Medicum Uniwersytet Jagiellonskiego; Tzanion General Hospital; Le Scotte Hospital; University Hospital; Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences; University Hospital of the West Indies; Sao Joao Hospital; Emergency Hospital of Craiova; Aristotle University of Thessaloniki; CH Armentieres; National Institute of Hygiene; Onandjokwe Hospital; Emergency Hospital of Bucharest; National Health Service
1-Dec-2016Human papillomavirus detection in cervical neoplasia attributed to 12 high-risk human papillomavirus genotypes by regionXavier Castellsagué; Kevin A. Ault; F. Xavier Bosch; Darron Brown; Jack Cuzick; Daron G. Ferris; Elmar A. Joura; Suzanne M. Garland; Anna R. Giuliano; Mauricio Hernandez-Avila; Warner Huh; Ole Erik Iversen; Susanne K. Kjaer; Joaquin Luna; Joseph Monsonego; Nubia Muñoz; Evan Myers; Jorma Paavonen; Punnee Pitisuttihum; Marc Steben; Cosette M. Wheeler; Gonzalo Perez; Alfred Saah; Alain Luxembourg; Heather L. Sings; Christine Velicer; Institut d'Investigació Biomedica de Bellvitge; University of Kansas Medical Center; Indiana University School of Medicine Indianapolis; Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry; Augusta University; Medizinische Universitat Wien; Murdoch Children's Research Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica; University of Alabama; Helse Bergen Haukeland University Hospital; Københavns Universitet; Fundación Universitaria Sanitas; Institut du Col; National Institute of Cancer; Duke University Medical Center; Helsinki University Hospital; Mahidol University; Institut National de Sante Publique Du Quebec; University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center; Merck & Co., Inc.; Universidad del Rosario
1-Aug-2012Identification and characterization of a collagen-binding protein, Cbm, in Streptococcus mutansR. Nomura; K. Nakano; S. Naka; H. Nemoto; K. Masuda; J. Lapirattanakul; S. Alaluusua; M. Matsumoto; S. Kawabata; T. Ooshima; Osaka University; Mahidol University; Helsinki University Hospital; Helsingin Yliopisto
1-Apr-2005IgE antibodies to ω-5 gliadin in children with wheat-induced anaphylaxisT. Daengsuwan; K. Palosuo; S. Phankingthongkum; N. Visitsunthorn; O. Jirapongsananuruk; H. Alenius; P. Vichyanond; Timo Reunala; Mahidol University; Tyoterveyslaitos; Helsinki University Hospital; University Hospital of Tampere
16-Jul-2013The long-term multicenter observational study of dabigatran treatment in patients with atrial fibrillation (RELY-ABLE) studyStuart J. Connolly; Lars Wallentin; Michael D. Ezekowitz; John Eikelboom; Jonas Oldgren; Paul A. Reilly; Martina Brueckmann; Janice Pogue; Marco Alings; John V. Amerena; Alvaro Avezum; Iris Baumgartner; Andrzej J. Budaj; Jyh Hong Chen; Antonio L. Dans; Harald Darius; Giuseppe Di Pasquale; Jorge Ferreira; Greg C. Flaker; Marcus D. Flather; Maria Grazia Franzosi; Sergey P. Golitsyn; David A. Halon; Hein Heidbuchel; Stefan H. Hohnloser; Kurt Huber; Petr Jansky; Gabriel Kamensky; Matyas Keltai; Sung Soon Kim; Chu Pak Lau; Jean Yves Le Heuzey; Basil S. Lewis; Lisheng Liu; John Nanas; Razali Omar; Prem Pais; Knud E. Pedersen; Leopoldo S. Piegas; Dimitar Raev; Pal J. Smith; Mario Talajic; Ru San Tan; Supachai Tanomsup; Lauri Toivonen; Dragos Vinereanu; Denis Xavier; Jun Zhu; Susan Q. Wang; Christine O. Duffy; Ellison Themeles; Salim Yusuf; Population Health Research Institute, Ontario; Akademiska Sjukhuset; Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.; Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co. KG; Universitat Heidelberg; Amphia Hospital; Deakin University; Instituto Dante Pazzanese de Cardiologia; Swiss Cardiovascular Center, University Hospital Bern; Szpital Grochowski, Warszawa; National Cheng Kung University; University of the Philippines Manila; Vivantes Neukoelln Medical Center; Ospedale Maggiore; Lankenau Institute for Medical Research; Hospital de Santa Cruz, Carnaxide; University of Missouri-Columbia; Royal Brompton Hospital; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri; National Medical Research Center of Cardiology, Moscow; Carmel Medical Center; KU Leuven; Goethe-Universitat Frankfurt am Main; Wiener Krakenanstaltenverbund; Fakultni Nemocnice v Motole; University Hospital in Bratislava; Semmelweis Egyetem; Yonsei University College of Medicine; The University of Hong Kong; Universite Paris Descartes; Fuwai Hospital; University of Athens; Institut Jantung Negara Kuala Lumpur; St. John's Medical College; Odense Universitetshospital; Ministry of Interior; Akershus University Hospital; Institut de Cardiologie de Montreal; National Heart Centre, Singapore; Mahidol University; Helsinki University Hospital; Universitatea de Medicina si Farmacie Carol Davila din Bucuresti
1-Jan-2010Molecular characterization of Streptococcus mutans strains containing the cnm gene encoding a collagen-binding adhesinK. Nakano; R. Nomura; N. Taniguchi; J. Lapirattanakul; A. Kojima; S. Naka; P. Senawongse; R. Srisatjaluk; L. Grönroos; S. Alaluusua; M. Matsumoto; T. Ooshima; Osaka University; Mahidol University; Helsinki University Hospital; Helsingin Yliopisto
1-Sep-2012A single dose of vero cell-derived Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine (ixiaro) effectively boosts immunity in travelers primed with mouse brain-derived JE vaccinesElina O. Erra; Helena Hervius Askling; Lars Rombo; Jukka Riutta; Sirkka Vene; Sutee Yoksan; Lars Lindquist; Sari H. Pakkanen; Eili Huhtamo; Olli Vapalahti; Anu Kantele; University of Helsinki Haartman Institute; Helsinki University Hospital; Karolinska Institutet; Sormland County Council; Travel Clinic; Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control; Mahidol University; Helsingin Yliopisto
1-May-2010Variants in ADCY5 and near CCNL1 are associated with fetal growth and birth weightRachel M. Freathy; Dennis O. Mook-Kanamori; Ulla Sovio; Inga Prokopenko; Nicholas J. Timpson; Diane J. Berry; Nicole M. Warrington; Elisabeth Widen; Jouke Jan Hottenga; Marika Kaakinen; Leslie A. Lange; Jonathan P. Bradfield; Marjan Kerkhof; Julie A. Marsh; Reedik Mägi; Chih Mei Chen; Helen N. Lyon; Mirna Kirin; Linda S. Adair; Yurii S. Aulchenko; Amanda J. Bennett; Judith B. Borja; Nabila Bouatia-Naji; Pimphen Charoen; Lachlan J.M. Coin; Diana L. Cousminer; Eco J.C. De Geus; Panos Deloukas; Paul Elliott; David M. Evans; Philippe Froguel; Beate Glaser; Christopher J. Groves; Anna Liisa Hartikainen; Neelam Hassanali; Joel N. Hirschhorn; Albert Hofman; Jeff M.P. Holly; Elina Hyppönen; Stavroula Kanoni; Bridget A. Knight; Jaana Laitinen; Cecilia M. Lindgren; Wendy L. McArdle; Paul F. O'Reilly; Craig E. Pennell; Dirkje S. Postma; Anneli Pouta; Adaikalavan Ramasamy; Nigel W. Rayner; Susan M. Ring; Fernando Rivadeneira; Beverley M. Shields; David P. Strachan; Ida Surakka; Anja Taanila; Carla Tiesler; Andre G. Uitterlinden; Cornelia M. Van Duijn; Alet H. Wijga; Gonneke Willemsen; Haitao Zhang; Jianhua Zhao; James F. Wilson; Eric A.P. Steegers; Andrew T. Hattersley; Johan G. Eriksson; Leena Peltonen; Karen L. Mohlke; Struan F.A. Grant; Hakon Hakonarson; University of Exeter; Erasmus University Medical Center; Imperial College London; University of Oxford; Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics; Medical Research Council; UCL; University of Western Australia; Helsingin Yliopisto; Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam; Oulun Yliopisto; The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia; University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen; Helmholtz Center Munich German Research Center for Environmental Health; Klinikum der Universitat Munchen; Children's Hospital Boston; Harvard Medical School; University of Edinburgh; University of San Carlos; CNRS Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique; University of Lille; Mahidol University; Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute; Hammersmith Hospital; University of Bristol; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Harokopio University; Tyoterveyslaitos; University of Western Australia Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry; National Institute for Health and Welfare; National Heart and Lung Institute; University of London; National Institute of Public Health and the Environment; Helsinki University Hospital; Folkhalsan; National Institute for Health and Welfare; University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine; University Medical Center Groningen, Centre for Revalidation (Beatrix Children's Hospital); Churchill Hospital
20-Aug-2015WSES guidelines for management of Clostridium difficile infection in surgical patientsMassimo Sartelli; Mark A. Malangoni; Fikri M. Abu-Zidan; Ewen A. Griffiths; Stefano Di Bella; Lynne V. McFarland; Ian Eltringham; Vishal G. Shelat; George C. Velmahos; Ciarán P. Kelly; Sahil Khanna; Zaid M. Abdelsattar; Layan Alrahmani; Luca Ansaloni; Goran Augustin; Miklosh Bala; Frédéric Barbut; Offir Ben-Ishay; Aneel Bhangu; Walter L. Biffl; Stephen M. Brecher; Adrián Camacho-Ortiz; Miguel A. Caínzos; Laura A. Canterbury; Fausto Catena; Shirley Chan; Jill R. Cherry-Bukowiec; Jesse Clanton; Federico Coccolini; Maria Elena Cocuz; Raul Coimbra; Charles H. Cook; Yunfeng Cui; Jacek Czepiel; Koray Das; Zaza Demetrashvili; Isidoro Di Carlo; Salomone Di Saverio; Irina Magdalena Dumitru; Catherine Eckert; Christian Eckmann; Edward H. Eiland; Mushira Abdulaziz Enani; Mario Faro; Paula Ferrada; Joseph Derek Forrester; Gustavo P. Fraga; Jean Louis Frossard; Rita Galeiras; Wagih Ghnnam; Carlos Augusto Gomes; Venkata Gorrepati; Mohamed Hassan Ahmed; Torsten Herzog; Felicia Humphrey; Jae Il Kim; Arda Isik; Rao Ivatury; Yeong Yeh Lee; Paul Juang; Luis Furuya-Kanamori; Aleksandar Karamarkovic; Peter K. Kim; Yoram Kluger; Wen Chien Ko; Francis D. LaBarbera; Jae Gil Lee; Ari Leppaniemi; Varut Lohsiriwat; Sanjay Marwah; John E. Mazuski; Gokhan Metan; Ernest E. Moore; Frederick Alan Moore; Carl Erik Nord; Carlos A. Ordoñez; Gerson Alves Pereira Júnior; Nicola Petrosillo; Francisco Portela; Basant K. Puri; Arnab Ray; Mansoor Raza; Miran Rems; Boris E. Sakakushev; Gabriele Sganga; Patrizia Spigaglia; David B. Stewart; Pierre Tattevin; Jean Francois Timsit; Kathleen B. To; Cristian Tranà; Waldemar Uhl; Libor Urbánek; Harry van Goor; Angela Vassallo; Jean Ralph Zahar; Emanuele Caproli; Pierluigi Viale; Macerata Hospital; American Board of Surgery; College of Medicine and Health Sciences United Arab Emirates University; Queen Elizabeth Hospital, University Hospital Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust; IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Malattie Infettive Lazzaro Spallanzani; University of Washington, Seattle; King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust; Tan Tock Seng Hospital; Massachusetts General Hospital; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Mayo Clinic; University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; Wayne State University; Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital; University of Zagreb School of Medicine; Hadassah University Medical Centre; National Reference Laboratory for Clostridium difficile; Department of General Surgery; University of Colorado at Denver; VA Medical Center; Hospital Universitario Dr. Jose Eleuterio Gonzalez; Universidad de Santiago de Compostela; University of Alberta; Maggiore Parma Hospital; Medway Maritime Hospital; Akron City Hospital; Universitatea Transilvania din Brasov; University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine; Harvard Medical School; Tianjin Medical University; Collegium Medicum Uniwersytet Jagiellonskiego; Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital; Tbilisi State Medical University; Hamad General Hospital; Ospedale Maggiore; Universitatea Ovidius din Constanta; Hopital Saint-Antoine; Hospital of Medical University Hannover; Vital Care, Inc; King Fahad Medical City; Fundacao Universitaria do ABC, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC; Virginia Commonwealth University; Stanford University; Universidade Estadual de Campinas; Hopitaux universitaires de Geneve; Universidade da Coruña; Mansoura University, Faculty of Medicine; Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora; Pinnacle Health Hospitals; NHS Foundation Trust; St. Josef-Hospital im Katholischen Klinikum Bochum; Ochsner Medical Center - New Orleans; Inje University, College of Medicine; Erzincan Universitesi; Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus; St. Louis College of Pharmacy; Australian National University; University of Belgrade; Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University; National Cheng Kung University Hospital; Yonsei University College of Medicine; Helsinki University Hospital; Mahidol University; Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences; Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis; Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine; University of Florida College of Medicine; Karolinska University Hospital; Universidad del Valle, Cali; Emergency Surgery and Trauma Unit; Centro Hospitalar e Universitario de Coimbra; Imperial College London; General Hospital Jesenice; Medical University of Plovdiv; Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome; Istituto Superiore Di Sanita; Penn State College of Medicine; Hopital Pontchaillou; Hopital Bichat-Claude-Bernard AP-HP; Fakultni Nemocnice Brno; Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre; Saint John's Health Center; Universite d'Angers; Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Ospedali Riuniti, Ancona; Alma Mater Studiorum Universita di Bologna