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Title: Successful pregnancy following transfer of feline embryos derived from vitrified immature cat oocytes using 'stepwise' cryoprotectant exposure technique
Authors: Theerawat Tharasanit
Sukanya Manee-In
Sirirak Buarpung
Kaywalee Chatdarong
Chainarong Lohachit
Mongkol Techakumphu
Chulalongkorn University
Mahidol University
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Veterinary
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2011
Citation: Theriogenology. Vol.76, No.8 (2011), 1442-1449
Abstract: Oocyte cryopreservation is the desired tool for the 'long-term' storage of female genetic potential especially for endangered/valuable species. This study aims at examining the ability of different cryoprotectant (CPA) and CPA exposure techniques to protect immature feline oocytes against cryoinjury during vitrification. Immature oocytes were submitted to different CPA exposure techniques: 1) 2-step DMSO, 2) 4-step DMSO, 3) 2-step EG, 4) 4-step EG, 5) 2-step EG plus DMSO and 6) 4-step EG plus DMSO. Non-CPA treated, non-vitrified oocytes served as controls. The oocytes were then submitted either to in vitro maturation (Experiment 1, n = 334) or to vitrification/warming (Experiment 2, n = 440). The stage of nuclear maturation was subsequently determined. In Experiment 3, the vitrified immature oocytes (n = 254) were matured and fertilized in vitro, and their developmental competence was assessed. A total of 424 embryos derived from vitrified immature oocytes were transferred into the oviduct of 6 recipient queens (Experiment 4).Vitrification reduced significantly the meiotic and developmental competence of immature cat oocytes compared with the non-vitrified controls. The EG alone or a combination of EG and DMSO yielded higher maturation rates than DMSO, irrespective of the CPA equilibration techniques used. The 4-step EG vitrification resulted in the highest maturation rate (37.6%) but cleavage and blastocyst rates were significantly lower than the non-vitrified controls (24.8% and 30.2% vs 62.5% and 49.3%, respectively). Pregnancy was established in recipients receiving embryos derived from non-vitrified and vitrified/warmed immature oocytes. It is concluded that the stepwise CPA exposure technique can be successfully applied for vitrification of immature cat oocytes, in terms of in vitro development but it is likely to affect in utero development. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN: 0093691X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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