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|Title:||Midgut juice of Plutella xylostella highly resistant to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac contains a three times larger amount of glucosinolate sulfatase which binds to Cry1Ac compared to that of susceptible strain|
Ganesh N. Pandian
National Institute of Crop Science, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization
|Keywords:||Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Environmental Science|
|Citation:||Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. Vol.101, No.2 (2011), 125-131|
|Abstract:||Midgut juice of Plutella xylostella strain PXR which is resistant to Cry1Ac was biochemically characterized relative to the susceptible PXS strain. The midgut juice of PXR (PXR-Juice) was shown to process Cry1Ac protoxin to 60kDa active toxin with the same processing pattern as that of juice from PXS (PXS-Juice) in SDS-PAGE. PXS larvae which were given the Cry1Ac toxin pre-processed with PXR-Juice were killed with the same rate as that with Cry1Ac pre-activated by trypsin. PXR-Juice was found to contain three times larger amount of 66kDa protein (P66) than PXS-Juice and the N-terminal amino acid sequence of P66 was matched to that of glucosinolate sulfatase in data base search. The protein band of P66 was coincided with the band of p-nitro phenyl sulfatase activity in zymogram. P66 purified to homogeneity in SDS-PAGE bound to Cry1Ac and soybean agglutinin, and K D for Cry1Ac was estimated to be 718 nM with surface plasmon resonance analysis. Using purified sulfatase, K m and V max were estimated and involvement of the enzyme in the PXR resistance was discussed. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2011-2015|
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