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Title: The adequacy of micronutrient concentrations in manufactured complementary foods from low-income countries
Authors: Michelle Gibbs
Karl B. Bailey
Rebecca D. Lander
Umi Fahmida
Leah Perlas
Sonja Y. Hess
Cornelia U. Loechl
Pattanee Winichagoon
Rosalind S. Gibson
University of Otago
Universitas Indonesia
Food and Nutrition Research Institute Manila
University of California, Davis
International Potato Center (CIP)
Mahidol University
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Issue Date: 1-May-2011
Citation: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. Vol.24, No.3 (2011), 418-426
Abstract: Iron, zinc, and calcium in complementary foods (CFs) are defined as problem micronutrients by the World Health Organization (WHO), as their concentrations in CFs fall below the calculated requirements for breast-fed infants of micronutrients obtained from CFs. Consequently, manufacturers often fortify plant-based CFs with these three micronutrients. We have analyzed concentrations of iron, zinc, calcium, and phytic acid (as hexa- and penta-inositol phosphates) in 57 cereal-based CFs pu rchased in five countries each in Africa and Asia. Molar ratios of phytate:iron, phytate:zinc, and phytate:calcium were also calculated. Intakes of iron, zinc, and calcium from these CFs were then calculated assuming breast-fed infants aged 9-11 months consume the recommended daily ration size of CF (40. g/d; dry weight), and compared with WHO estimated needs from CFs. Even though manufacturers claimed to fortify 84% (48/57) of the CFs, 79%, 10% and 32% had molar ratios for phytate:iron, phytate:zinc, and phytate:calcium, respectively, above desirable levels. Despite fortification, only ∼4% of the CFs met the WHO estimated needs for breast-fed infants aged 9-11 months for iron, 2% for zinc, and ∼4% for calcium. Appropriate fortification of cereal-based CFs is necessary to ensure they meet WHO estimated needs for iron, zinc, and calcium for breast-fed infants. © 2011.
ISSN: 08891575
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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