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Title: Functional characterization of truncated fragments of Bacillus sphaericus binary toxin BinB
Authors: Chontida Tangsongcharoen
Panadda Boonserm
Boonhiang Promdonkoy
Mahidol University
Thailand National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2011
Citation: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. Vol.106, No.2 (2011), 230-235
Abstract: Bacillus sphaericus produces a mosquitocidal binary toxin composed of two subunits, BinA (42. kDa) and BinB (51. kDa). Both components are required for maximum toxicity against mosquito larvae. BinB has been proposed to provide specificity by binding to the epithelial gut cell membrane, while BinA may be responsible for toxicity. To identify regions in BinB responsible for receptor binding and for interaction to BinA, we used six BinB shorter constructs derived from both the N-terminal and the C-terminal halves of the protein. All constructs expressed as inclusion bodies in Escherichia coli, similarly to the wild-type protein. A marked decrease in larvicidal activity was observed when BinA was used in combination with these BinB constructs, used either individually or in pairs from both N and C-halves of BinB. Nevertheless, immunohistochemistry analyses demonstrate that these constructs are able to bind to the epithelium gut cell membrane, and in vitro protein-protein interaction assays revealed that these constructs can bind to BinA. These results show that fragments corresponding to both halves of BinB are able to bind the receptor and to interact with BinA, but both halves are required by the toxin to exhibit full larvicidal activity. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN: 10960805
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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