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Title: Co-existence of major and minor viral populations from two different origins in patients secondarily infected with dengue virus serotype 2 in Bangkok
Authors: Orapim Puiprom
Akifumi Yamashita
Mikiko Sasayama
Kriengsak Limkittikul
Khwanchit Boonha
Akanitt Jittmitraphap
Pornsawan Leaungwutiwong
Takeshi Kurosu
Pongrama Ramasoota
Kazuyoshi Ikuta
National Center for Infectious Disease
Osaka University
Tohoku University
Mahidol University
Japan Science and Technology Agency
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 16-Sep-2011
Citation: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. Vol.413, No.1 (2011), 136-142
Abstract: Generally, RNA viruses exhibit significant genetic diversity that sometimes effect viral fitness in infected hosts and probably also pathogenesis. Dengue viruses (DENVs) consist of four antigenically distinct serotypes. All the serotypes of DENV can cause mild to severe dengue illnesses. In this study, we examined the sequence variation of DENV in plasma obtained from four patients living in Bangkok who had been secondarily infected with serotype 2 (DENV-2) in 2010. The plasma-derived RNA was directly subjected to reverse transcriptase (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) at a region including most of domain III of the envelope (E) protein gene, and the PCR products obtained were subjected to clonal sequencing. Using 19-20 clones sequenced from each patient (78 total) plus 601 corresponding sequences from a public database, phylogenetic analysis revealed that the nucleic acid sequences fell into two clusters with clearly different origins. Interestingly, all patients gave sequences indicating that they carried viral populations containing 2, 3 or 5 genetic variants that consisted of one major variant plus one or more minor variants. Three patients showed a major variant from one cluster plus one or more minor components from the other while one showed major and minor variants from a single cluster. Thus, it can be concluded that DENV belonging to two different genetic lineages were co-circulated in Bangkok in 2010. For these two genotype clusters there was also a clear difference in H or Y at the deduced amino acid position 346 (i.e. H346Y) that was consistent for our sequences and 601 sequences from the public database. Thus, one among the mixed viral genotypes introduced into human individuals seems to be variably selected as the predominant component of the carried viral population, and it is possible that the dynamics of this process could influence virus evolution and disease severity. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN: 10902104
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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