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Title: False rumours of disease outbreaks caused by infectious myonecrosis virus (IMNV) in the whiteleg shrimp in Asia
Authors: Saengchan Senapin
Kornsunee Phiwsaiya
Warachin Gangnonngiw
Timothy W. Flegel
Thailand National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Mahidol University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Medicine;Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 5-Aug-2011
Citation: Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine. Vol.10, No.1 (2011)
Abstract: Background: Infectious myonecrosis virus (IMNV) disease outbreaks in cultivated whiteleg shrimp Penaeus (Litopenaeus) vannamei are characterized by gross signs of whitened abdominal muscles and by slow mortality reaching up to 70%. In 2006 the first disease outbreaks caused by IMNV in Asia occurred in Indonesia. Since then rumours have periodically circulated about IMNV disease outbreaks in other Asian countries. Our findings indicate that these are false rumours. Findings. Our continual testing by nested RT-PCR of shrimp samples suspected of IMNV infection from various Asian countries since 2006 has yielded negative results, except for samples from Indonesia. Our results are supported by the lack of official reports of IMNV outbreaks since January 2007 in the Quarterly Report on Aquatic Animal Diseases (QAAD) from the Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia Pacific (NACA). In most cases, our shrimp samples for which tissue sections were possible showed signs of muscle cramp syndrome that also commonly causes muscle whitening in stressed whiteleg shrimp. Thus, we suspect that most of the false rumours in Asia about IMNV outside of Indonesia have resulted because of muscle cramp syndrome. Conclusions: Results from continual testing of suspected IMNV outbreaks in Asian countries other than Indonesia since 2006 and the lack of official country reports of IMNV outbreaks since January 2007, indicate that rumours of IMNV outbreaks in Asian countries outside of Indonesia are false. We suspect that confusion has arisen because muscle cramp syndrome causes similar signs of whitened tail muscles in whiteleg shrimp. © 2011 Senapin et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
ISSN: 14775751
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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