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Title: Overcoming multidrug resistance in human lung cancer with novel benzo[a]quinolizin-4-ones
Authors: Yodsoi Kanintronkul
Rattana Worayuthakarn
Nopporn Thasana
Pakorn Winayanuwattikun
Kovit Pattanapanyasat
Rudee Surarit
Somsak Ruchirawat
Jisnuson Svasti
Chulabhorn Research Institute
Chulabhorn Graduate Institute
Chulalongkorn University
Mahidol University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2011
Citation: Anticancer Research. Vol.31, No.3 (2011), 921-927
Abstract: Aim: To investigate the ability of synthetic benzo[a]quinolizin-4-one derivatives to reverse multidrug resistance (MDR) in lung cancer cells. Materials and Methods: A cell line with MDR, A5 49RT-eto, was established by exposure to 1.5 μM etoposide. Cytotoxic activity was assayed by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromine (MTT) method. The mechanism of drug resistance was studied by real-time PCR, Western blot analysis, and flow cytometry. Benzo[a] quinolizin-4-one derivatives were synthesized and tested for cytotoxic activity and ability to modulate MDR. Results: A549RT-eto cells had an IC 50 for etoposide of 176 μM, 28-fold higher than parental cells, due to increased levels of MDR1 gene and P-glycoprotein (P-gp), resulting in greater drug efflux. Three benzo[a]quinolizin-4-ones reduced etoposide IC 50 from 176 μM to 22.4 μM -24.7 μM. This resulted from increased drug accumulation without altering P-gp expression at the transcription or translation level. Conclusion: Non-toxic concentrations of benzo[a]quinolizin-4-one derivatives can reverse drug resistance of A549RT-eto by increasing the intracellular drug accumulation.
ISSN: 02507005
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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