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Title: Magnetic field line random walk for disturbed flux surfaces: Trapping effects and multiple routes to Bohm diffusion
Authors: M. C. Ghilea
D. Ruffolo
P. Chuychai
W. Sonsrettee
A. Seripienlert
W. H. Matthaeus
Mahidol University
South Carolina Commission on Higher Education
Mae Fah Luang University
Panyapiwat Institute of Management
Bartol Research Institute
Dacon Inspection Services Co.
Keywords: Earth and Planetary Sciences;Physics and Astronomy
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2011
Citation: Astrophysical Journal. Vol.741, No.1 (2011)
Abstract: The magnetic field line random walk (FLRW) is important for the transport of energetic particles in many astrophysical situations. While all authors agree on the quasilinear diffusion of field lines for fluctuations that mainly vary parallel to a large-scale field, for the opposite case of fluctuations that mainly vary in the perpendicular directions, there has been an apparent conflict between concepts of Bohm diffusion and percolation/trapping effects. Here computer simulation and non-perturbative analytic techniques are used to re-examine the FLRW in magnetic turbulence with slab and two-dimensional (2D) components, in which 2D flux surfaces are disturbed by the slab fluctuations. Previous non-perturbative theories for D ⊙ , based on Corrsin's hypothesis, have identified a slab contribution with quasilinear behavior and a 2D contribution due to Bohm diffusion with diffusive decorrelation (DD), combined in a quadratic formula. Here we present analytic theories for other routes to Bohm diffusion, with random ballistic decorrelation (RBD) either due to the 2D component itself (for a weak slab contribution) or the total fluctuation field (for a strong slab contribution), combined in a direct sum with the slab contribution. Computer simulations confirm the applicability of RBD routes for weak or strong slab contributions, while the DD route applies for a moderate slab contribution. For a very low slab contribution, interesting trapping effects are found, including a depressed diffusion coefficient and subdiffusive behavior. Thus quasilinear, Bohm, and trapping behaviors are all found in the same system, together with an overall viewpoint to explain these behaviors. © 2011 The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 15384357
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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