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Title: Fly ash particles and precipitated silica as fillers in NR/CR vulcanizates under thermal and thermal-oil ageing
Authors: Napalai Kongvasana
Apisit Kositchaiyong
Ekachai Wimolmala
Chakrit Sirisinha
Narongrit Sombatsompop
King Mongkuts University of Technology Thonburi
Mahidol University
Keywords: Materials Science
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2011
Citation: Polymers for Advanced Technologies. Vol.22, No.6 (2011), 1014-1023
Abstract: The loading effect of precipitated silica (PSi) and fly ash-based silica (FASi) on mechanical properties of natural rubber/chloroprene (NR/CR) under thermal and thermal-oil ageing was investigated with variation in NR content in the NR/CR blends. The selected results were compared with vulcanized NR/nitrile rubber (NR/NBR) blends. The cure time of CR vulcanizate was found to decrease with increasing NR content, but increased with silica fillers. The Mooney viscosity for CR vulcanizates reduced with increasing NR content. The addition of NR had no effect on tensile modulus and tensile strength for the FASi filled NR/CR, but the opposite trend was observed for the PSi filled NR/CR. The post-curing effect was more significant in PSi filled NR/CR than in FASi filled NR/CR. The tensile strength of the NR/CR vulcanizates was slightly reduced after thermal ageing especially at high NR content, more extreme reduction being found by thermal-oil ageing. The elongation at break of NR/CR with both silica fillers ranged from 400 to 900%. The hardness results were similar to the tensile modulus. The addition of PSi in NR/CR considerably increased the tear strength, but less pronounced effect was found for FASi. The resilience properties of NR/CR tended to decrease with increasing silica content. The compression set became poorer when NR content was increased. The PSi showed higher improvement in compression set than the FASi. The effects of silica and ageing on the mechanical properties for NR/CR vulcanizates were similar to those for NR/NBR vulcanizates. © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
ISSN: 10991581
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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