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Title: "The dirty hand in the latex glove": A study of hand hygiene compliance when gloves are worn
Authors: Christopher Fuller
Joanne Savage
Sarah Besser
Andrew Hayward
Barry Cookson
Ben Cooper
Sheldon Stone
King's College London
Health Protection Agency
Mahidol University
Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2011
Citation: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. Vol.32, No.12 (2011), 1194-1199
Abstract: Back ground and objective. Wearing of gloves reduces transmission of organisms by health care workers'hands but is not a substitute for hand hygiene. Results of previous studies have varied as to whether hand hygiene is worse when gloves are worn. Most studies have been small and used nonstandardized assessments of glove use and hand hygiene. We sought to observe whether gloves were worn when appropriate and whether hand hygiene compliance differed when gloves were worn. design. bservational study. participants and setting. Healthcare workers in 56 medical or care of the elderly wards and intensive care units in 15 hospitals across England and Wales. methods. Weobservedhandhygieneandgloveusage(7,578momentsforhandhygiene)during249one-hoursessions.Observersalso recorded whether gloves were or were not worn for individual contacts. results. Gloves were used in 1,983 (26.2%) of the 7,578 moments for hand hygiene and in 551 (16.7%) of 3,292 low-risk contacts; gloves were not used in 141 (21.1%) of 669 high-risk contacts. The rate of hand hygiene compliance with glove use was 41.4% (415 of 1,002 moments), and the rate without glove use was 50.0% (1,344 of 2,686 moments). After adjusting for ward, healthcare worker type, contact risk level, and whether the hand hygiene opportunity occurred before or after a patient contact, glove use was strongly associated with lower levels of hand hygiene (adjusted odds ratio, 0.65 [95% confidence interval, 0.54-0.79 P.0001). conclusion. Therateofgloveusageislowerthanpreviouslyreported.Glovesareoftenwornwhennotindicatedandviceversa.The rate of compliance with hand hygiene was significantly lower when gloves were worn. Hand hygiene campaigns should consider placing greater emphasis on the World Health Organization indications for gloving and associated hand hygiene. trial registration. National Research Register N0256159318. © 2011 by The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.
ISSN: 0899823X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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