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Title: Pharmacokinetics of deferiprone in patients with β-thalassaemia: Impact of splenectomy and iron status
Authors: Lie Michael George Limenta
Totsapol Jirasomprasert
Piyada Jittangprasert
Prapin Wilairat
Praveena Yamanont
Udom Chantharaksri
Suthat Fucharoen
Noppawan Phumala Morales
Mahidol University
Srinakharinwirot University
Keywords: Medicine;Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2011
Citation: Clinical Pharmacokinetics. Vol.50, No.1 (2011), 41-50
Abstract: Background and Objective: Iron-rich transfusions and/or a compensatory increase in iron absorption ultimately result in iron loading in patients with b-thalassaemia. Hence, without iron chelation, iron accumulates relentlessly. Deferiprone has been shown to be capable of reducing the iron burden in patients w ith b-thalassaemia. However, there is wide interpatient variation in deferiprone-induced urinary iron excretion (UIE). We hypothesized that splenectomy and iron status might influence the pharmacokinetic profiles of deferiprone in patients with b-thalassaemia/haemoglobin E, and the present study was aimed at examining this hypothesis. Study Participants and Methods: Thirty-one patients with b-thalassaemia/haemoglobin E (20 splenectomized and 11 non-splenectomized patients) were enrolled in the study. After an overnight fast, the subjects received a single oral dose of deferiprone 25mg/kg of bodyweight. Blood samples were collected pre-dosing and at 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240, 300, 360 and 480 minutes after dosing. Urine output was pooled and collected at 0-2, 2-4, 4-8, 8-12 and 12-24 hour intervals. Serum and urine concentrations of deferiprone and its metabolite deferiprone glucuronide were determined using a validated high-performance liquid chromatography method. Serum deferiprone-chelated iron and UIE were determined using a validated colourimetric method. Results: No significant difference in the pharmacokinetic parameters of non-conjugated deferiprone was observed between splenectomized and non-splenectomized patients. However, the maximum serum concentration (C max ) and the area under the serum concentration-time curve (AUC) from time zero to infinity (AUC 1 ) values of deferiprone glucuronide were significantly lower (both p < 0.05) in splenectomized patients (median 53.2 μmol/L and 12 634 μmol • min/L, respectively) than in non-splenectomized patients (median 70.5 μmol/L and 20 601 mmol • min/L, respectively). The C max and the AUCfrom time zero to the time of the last measurable concentration (AUClast) values of serum deferiprone-chelated iron, as well as UIE, were significantly higher (p < 0.001) in splenectomized patients (median values 7.1 μmol/L, 1645 μmol • min/L and 77.1 μmol, respectively) than in non-splenectomized patients (median values 3.1 μmol/L, 545 μmol • min/L and 12.5 μmol, respectively). Urinary excretion of non-conjugated deferiprone and deferiprone glucuronide did not differ between the two groups. Further analyses using multiple linear regressions indicated that the iron profiles (non-transferrin-bound iron and ferritin) were significant predictors of the pharmacokinetic parameters of non-conjugated deferiprone, deferiprone-chelated iron and UIE. In addition, splenectomy status was identified as the strongest predictor of the AUClast of deferiprone-chelated iron and UIE. Conclusion: Both iron and splenectomy status have significant effects on the pharmacokinetics and iron chelation efficacy of deferiprone. A greater degree of iron overload in splenectomized patients results in alterations in pharmacokinetic parameters (theC max and AUC) of deferiprone glucuronide and deferipronechelated iron, as well as a significant increase in UIE. © 2011 Adis Data Information BV. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 11791926
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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