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Title: Global VGIIa isolates are of comparable virulence to the major fatal Cryptococcus gattii Vancouver Island outbreak genotype
Authors: P. Ngamskulrungroj
C. Serena
F. Gilgado
R. Malik
W. Meyer
University of Sydney Faculty of Medicine
Mahidol University
The University of Sydney
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2011
Citation: Clinical Microbiology and Infection. Vol.17, No.2 (2011), 251-258
Abstract: The ongoing cryptococcosis outbreak on Vancouver Island, BC, Canada, is caused by two VGII sub-genotypes of the primary pathogen, Cryptococcus gattii: VGIIa isolates predominate, whereas VGIIb isolates are rare. Although higher virulence of the VGIIa genotype has been proposed, an unresolved key question is whether VGIIa isolates from other regions are also more virulent than VGIIb isolates. We report the relationship between genotype and virulence for a global collection of C. gattii VGIIa and VGIIb isolates (from Australia, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Thailand and the USA). In vitro and in vivo virulence studies were conducted. At 37°C, growth [at 18h: 0.2 optical density (OD) difference, p0.026; at 36h: 0.6 OD difference, p0.036) and mean melanin production (OD=0.25 vs. OD=0.15, p0.059] of VGIIa isolates was greater than that of VGIIb isolates. The inhibitory effect of high temperature on melanin production of VGIIa isolates was less than that of VGIIb isolates (OD=0.36 vs. OD=0.69; p0.001). Capsule production at 37°C of VGIIa isolates was less than that of VGIIb isolates. All VGIIa isolates were fertile, whereas only 17% of VGIIb isolates were fertile (p < 0.001). In vivo virulence studies using the BALB/c mice nasal inhalation model revealed that VGIIa isolates were more virulent than VGIIb isolates (p < 0.001) independent of their clinical (p0.003) or environmental origin (p < 0.001). This study established a clear association between genotype and virulence of the primary fungal pathogen, C. gattii. © 2010 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2010 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.
ISSN: 14690691
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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