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Title: Reversal of cardiac iron loading and dysfunction in thalassemic mice by curcuminoids
Authors: C. Thephinlap
C. Phisalaphong
N. Lailerd
N. Chattipakorn
P. Winichagoon
J. Vadolus
S. Fucharoen
J. B. Porter
S. Srichairatanakool
Chiang Mai University
Thailand Government Pharmaceutical Organization
The Institute of Science and Technology for Research and Development, Mahidol University
Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne
UCL Medical School
Keywords: Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2011
Citation: Medicinal Chemistry. Vol.7, No.1 (2011), 62-69
Abstract: Non-transferrin bound iron (NTBI) is found in plasma of β-thalassemia patients and causes oxidative tissue damage. Cardiac siderosis and complications are the secondary cause of death in β-thalassemia major patients. Desferrioxamine (DFO), deferiprone (DFP) and deferasirox (DFX) are promising chelators used to get negative iron balance and improve life quality. DFP has been shown to remove myocardial iron effectively. Curcuminoids (CUR) can chelate plasma NTBI, inhibit lipid peroxidation and alleviate cardiac autonomic imbalance. Effects of CUR on cardiac iron deposition and function were investigated in iron-loaded mice. Wild type ( mu β +/+ ; WT) and heterozygous β-knockout ( mu βth -3/+ ; BKO) mice (C57BL/6) were fed with ferrocene-supplemented diet (Fe diet) and coincidently intervened with CUR and DFP for 2 months. Concentrations of plasma NTBI and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured using HPLC techniques. Heart iron concentration was determined based on atomic absorption spectrophotometry and Perl's staining methods. Short-term electrocardiogram (ECG) was recorded with AD Instruments Power Lab, and heart rate variability (HRV) was evaluated using MATLAB 7.0 program. Fe diet increased levels of NTBI and MDA in plasma, nonheme iron and iron deposit in heart tissue significantly, and depressed the HRV, which the levels were higher in the BKO mice than the WT mice. CUR and DFP treatments lowered plasma NTBI as well as MDA concentrations (p < 0.05), heart iron accumulation effectively, and also improved the HRV in the treated mice. The results imply that CUR would be effective in decreasing plasma NTBI and myocardial iron, alleviating lipid peroxidation and improving cardiac function in iron-loaded thalassemic mice. © 2011 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
ISSN: 15734064
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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