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Title: Serum proteinase inhibitors and acute-phase reactants from protein-energy malnutrition children during treatment
Authors: F. P. Schelp
O. Thanangkul
V. Supawan
M. Suttajit
C. Meyers
R. Pimpantha
P. Pongpaew
P. Migasena
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine;Nursing
Issue Date: 1-Dec-1979
Citation: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Vol.32, No.7 (1979), 1415-1422
Abstract: Weight for age, weight for height, the concentration of albumin, prealbumin, and transferrin together with the proteinase inhibitors α 1 -antitrypsin, α 1 -antichymotrypsin, α 2 -macroglobulin, and the acute-phase reactants α 1 -acid glycoprotein and haptoglobin were determined in six marasmus and seven kwashiorkor children; marasmus-kwashiorkor children were admitted with diarrhea. The results were compared with those from six healthy preschool children. Serum protein concentrations from the children suffering from protein-energy malnutrition were measured at the 2nd, 8th, 29th, and 50th day after hospital admission. The anthropometric meaurements, prealbumin, and transferrin were lower in the protein-energy malnutrition children compared with the healthy preschool children. Prealbumin and albumin indicated a lower nutritional status in the kwashiorkor, marasmus-kwashiorkor group compared with the marasmus group. α'2-Macroglobulin and α 1 -antitrypsin were lower in the protein-energy malnutrition groups compared twith the healthy preschool children. Both serum proteins were significantly lower at the 2nd day compared with the 50th day in the kwashiorkor, marasmus-kwashiorkor group, whereas α 1 -antitrypsin values remained almost the same level in the marasmus group from the 2nd day up to the 50th day. α 1 -Acid glycoprotein and α 1 -antichymotrypsin were higher in the marasmus group at the 2nd day compared with the healthy preschool children, α 1 -Acid glycoprotein at the 2nd day of the kwashiorkor; marasmus-kwashiorkor group were higher compared with the 50th day of that group. α 1 -Antichymotrypsin levels at the 2nd day of the marasmus group were higher compared with the 2nd day of the kwashiorkor, marasmus-kwashiorkor group. Haptoglobin did not differ between the groups. Variations of α 2 -macroglobulin, α 1 -antitrypsin, and albumin during treatment for one marasmus and one kwashiorkor case complicated by frequent periods of fever were compared with one marasmus and one kwashiorkor case with straight recovery. The results are discussed in respect of the possible role of α 1 -antitrypsin and α 2 -macroglobulin in the influence of these inhibitors on the balance of catabolism and anabolism of protein in protein-energy malnutrition complicated by infection, where the proteinase inhibitors might also inhibit the mobilization of body's own protein.
ISSN: 00029165
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1969-1990

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