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Title: Ultrafast fluorescence dynamics of flavin adenine dinucleotide in pyranose 2-oxidases variants and their complexes with acetate: Conformational heterogeneity with different dielectric constants
Authors: Seiji Taniguchi
Haik Chosrowjan
Thanyaporn Wongnate
Jeerus Sucharitakul
Pimchai Chaiyen
Fumio Tanaka
Institute for Laser Technology
Mahidol University
Chulalongkorn University
Keywords: Chemical Engineering;Chemistry;Physics and Astronomy
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2012
Citation: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry. Vol.245, (2012), 33-42
Abstract: Pyranose 2-oxidase from Trametes multicolor (P2O) catalyzes oxidations of aldopyranoses by using molecular oxygen. The enzyme is composed of four identical subunits with a native molecular weight of 270 kDa and each of which contains flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) as a cofactor. P2O contains the Trp168 residue near the flavin isoalloxazine ring (Iso), which can potentially act as an electron donor to the excited Iso (Iso*). Iso is covalently linked to His167 in WT P2O, but not in H167A (His167 replaced by Ala). Ultrafast fluorescence dynamics of H167A, T169S (Thr169 replaced by Ser) and acetate complexes with WT and T169S were studied by the fluo rescence up-conversion method. The fluorescence decays were well described with two-exponential functions. The shorter fluorescence lifetimes (τ 1 ) were 87-184 fs depending on an emission wavelength, and the longer lifetimes (τ 2 ) was 120 ps without the emission wavelength-dependence in H167A. The shorter lifetimes of T169S were 92-240 fs, and the longer lifetime 15 ps. In WT P2O-acetate complex τ 1 was 110 fs and τ 2 50 ps, and in T169S P2O-acetate complex τ 1 was 250 fs and τ 2 300 ps at 530 nm. The ratio of the lifetime (τ 2 /τ 1 ) was extraordinary high compared to the other flavoproteins. This result was interpreted as two conformers of P2O, Conformers 1 and 2 (Conf 1 and Conf 2), in which each was associated with τ 1 and τ 2 , respectively. The ultra-short lifetimes were ascribed to photoinduced electron transfer (ET) mainly from Trp168 to the excited Iso (Iso*). ET rates of Confs 1 and 2 were calculated based on structural parameters reported. According to the crystal structures, distances between Iso and Trp168 were not different among the four subunits. It was found that static dielectric constants of the Conf 1 with τ 1 (ε 1 = 3.51) was different from that of the Conf 2 with τ 2 (ε 2 = 5.95). Fluorescence spectra with τ 1 and τ 2 were constructed based on the emission-wavelength dependent-decay functions. Emission peak with τ 1 was time-dependent from the wavelengths shorter than 480 to 540 nm within 1 ps after excitation, whereas that with τ 2 was steady at around 530 nm. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 10106030
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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