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|Title:||NO2 and SO2dispersion modeling and relative roles of emission sources over Map Ta Phut industrial area, Thailand|
King Mongkuts University of Technology Thonburi
Thailand Ministry of Education
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
|Citation:||Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association. Vol.62, No.8 (2012), 932-945|
|Abstract:||Map Ta Phut industrial area (MA) is the largest industrial complex in Thailand. There has been concern about many air pollutants over this area. Air quality management for the area is known to be difficult, due to lack of understanding of how emissions from different sources or sectors (e.g., industrial, power plant, transportation, and residential) contribute to air quality degradation in the area. In this study, a dispersion study of NO 2 and SO 2 was conducted using the AERMOD model. The area-specific emission inventories of NO x and SO 2 were prepared, including both stack and nonstack sources, and divided into 11 emission groups. Annual simulations were performed for the year 2006. Modeled concentrations were evaluated with observations. Underestimation of both pollutants was found, and stack emission estimates were scaled to improve the modeled results before quantifying relative roles of individual emission groups to ambient concentration over four selected impacted areas (two are residential and the others are highly industrialized). Two concentration measures (i.e., annual average area-wide concentration or AC, and area-wide robust highest concentration or AR) were used to aggregately represent mean and high-end concentrations for each individual area, respectively. For AC-NO 2 , on-road mobile emissions were found to be the largest contributor in the two residential areas (36-38% of total AC-NO 2 ), while petrochemical-industry emissions play the most important role in the two industrialized areas (34-51%). For AR-NO 2 , biomass burning has the most influence in all impacted areas ( > 90%) except for one residential area where on-road mobile is the largest (75%). For AC-SO 2 , the petrochemical industry contributes most in all impacted areas (38-56%). For AR-SO 2 , the results vary. Since the petrochemical industry was often identified as the major contributor despite not being the largest emitter, air quality workers should pay special attention to this emission group when managing air quality for the MA.Implications: Effective air quality management in Map Ta Phut Industrial Area, Thailand requires better understanding of how emissions from various sources contribute to the degradation of ambient air quality. Based on the dispersion study here, petrochemical industry was generally identified as the major contributor to ambient NO 2 and SO 2 . By accounting for all stack and non-stack sources, on-road mobile emissions were found to be important in some particular areas. Supplemental Materials: Supplemental materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of the Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association. © 2012 Copyright 2012 A & WMA.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2011-2015|
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