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Title: Enterococcus faecalis enhances cell proliferation through hydrogen peroxide-mediated epidermal growth factor receptor activation
Authors: Kanitsak Boonanantanasarn
Ann Lindley Gill
YoonSing Yap
Vijayvel Jayaprakash
Maureen A. Sullivan
Steven R. Gill
University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
University at Buffalo, State University of New York
Mahidol University
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2012
Citation: Infection and Immunity. Vol.80, No.10 (2012), 3545-3558
Abstract: Enterococcus faecalis is a member of the intestinal and oral microbiota that may affect the etiology of colorectal and oral cancers. The mechanisms by which E. faecalis may contribute to the initiation and progression of these cancers remain uncertain. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling is postulated to play a crucial role in oral carcinogenesis. A link between E. faecalis and EGFR signaling in oral cancer has not been elucidated. The present study aimed to evaluate the association between E. faecalis and oral cancer and to determine the underlying mechanisms that link E. faecalis to EGFR signaling. We report the high frequency of E. faecalis infection in oral tumors and the clinical association with EGFR activation. Using human oral cancer cells, we support the clinical findings and demonstrate that E. faecalis can induce EGFR activation and cell proliferation. E. faecalis activates EGFR through production of H 2 O 2 , a signaling molecule that activates several signaling pathways. Inhibitors of H 2 O 2 (catalase) and EGFR (gefitinib) significantly blocked E. faecalis-induced EGFR activation and cell proliferation. Therefore, E. faecalis infection of oral tumor tissues suggests a possible association between E. faecalis infection and oral carcinogenesis. Interaction of E. faecalis with host cells and production of H 2 O 2 increase EGFR activation, thereby contributing to cell proliferation. © 2012, American Society for Microbiology.
ISSN: 10985522
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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