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|Title:||A cross-sectional study of Taenia solium in a multiple taeniid-endemic region reveals competition may be protective|
|Authors:||James V. Conlan|
Stuart D. Blacksell
R. C.Andrew Thompson
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
Ministry of Health
Prins Leopold Instituut voor Tropische Geneeskunde
Khon Kaen University
|Keywords:||Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine|
|Citation:||American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Vol.87, No.2 (2012), 281-291|
|Abstract:||We conducted cross-sectional surveys for taeniasis and cysticercosis in humans, pigs, and dogs in four northern provinces of Laos. Humancysticercosis and taeniasis prevalence was 2.2% (95%confidence interval [CI] = 1.4-3.0%) and 8.4% (95% CI = 6.9-9.9%), respectively. Eating uncooked beef, being male, province of residence, age, and ethnicity were significant risk factors for taeniasis and only province of residencewas a significant risk factor for cystiercosis. Thirty-fivehuman tapeworms were recovered during the survey and 33 (94.3%) and 2 (5.7%) were identified as Taenia saginata and T. solium, respectively. Maximum-likelihood adjusted prevalence of T. solium and T. hydatigena in pigs was 4.2% (95% CI = 0.5-7.9%) and 55.9% (95% CI = 47.5-64.3%), respectively, and T. hydatigena taeniasis in dogs was 4.8% (95% CI = 0.0-11.3%). Taenia hydatigena and T. saginata were the most prevalent taeniids in the respective pig and human populations and together may suppress T. solium transmission. Copyright © 2012 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2011-2015|
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