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dc.contributor.authorJames V. Conlanen_US
dc.contributor.authorKhamphouth Vongxayen_US
dc.contributor.authorBoualam Khamlomeen_US
dc.contributor.authorPierre Dornyen_US
dc.contributor.authorBanchob Sripaen_US
dc.contributor.authorAileen Ellioten_US
dc.contributor.authorStuart D. Blacksellen_US
dc.contributor.authorStanley Fenwicken_US
dc.contributor.authorR. C.Andrew Thompsonen_US
dc.contributor.otherMurdoch Universityen_US
dc.contributor.otherMinistry of Agriculture and Forestryen_US
dc.contributor.otherMinistry of Healthen_US
dc.contributor.otherPrins Leopold Instituut voor Tropische Geneeskundeen_US
dc.contributor.otherKhon Kaen Universityen_US
dc.contributor.otherMahidol Universityen_US
dc.identifier.citationAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Vol.87, No.2 (2012), 281-291en_US
dc.description.abstractWe conducted cross-sectional surveys for taeniasis and cysticercosis in humans, pigs, and dogs in four northern provinces of Laos. Humancysticercosis and taeniasis prevalence was 2.2% (95%confidence interval [CI] = 1.4-3.0%) and 8.4% (95% CI = 6.9-9.9%), respectively. Eating uncooked beef, being male, province of residence, age, and ethnicity were significant risk factors for taeniasis and only province of residencewas a significant risk factor for cystiercosis. Thirty-fivehuman tapeworms were recovered during the survey and 33 (94.3%) and 2 (5.7%) were identified as Taenia saginata and T. solium, respectively. Maximum-likelihood adjusted prevalence of T. solium and T. hydatigena in pigs was 4.2% (95% CI = 0.5-7.9%) and 55.9% (95% CI = 47.5-64.3%), respectively, and T. hydatigena taeniasis in dogs was 4.8% (95% CI = 0.0-11.3%). Taenia hydatigena and T. saginata were the most prevalent taeniids in the respective pig and human populations and together may suppress T. solium transmission. Copyright © 2012 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.en_US
dc.rightsMahidol Universityen_US
dc.subjectImmunology and Microbiologyen_US
dc.titleA cross-sectional study of Taenia solium in a multiple taeniid-endemic region reveals competition may be protectiveen_US
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