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Title: Suppression of erythroid development in vitro by Plasmodium vivax
Authors: Tasanee Panichakul
Witchuda Payuhakrit
Panyu Panburana
Chokdee Wongborisuth
Suradej Hongeng
Rachanee Udomsangpetch
Suan Dusit University
Mahidol University
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 25-May-2012
Citation: Malaria Journal. Vol.11, (2012)
Abstract: Background: Severe anaemia due to dyserythropoiesis has been documented in patients infected with Plasmodium vivax, however the mechanism responsible for anaemia in vivax malaria is poorly understood. In order to better understand the role of P. vivax infection in anaemia the inhibition of erythropoiesis using haematopoietic stem cells was investigated. Methods: Haematopoietic stem cells/CD34 + cells, isolated from normal human cord blood were used to generate growing erythroid cells. Exposure of CD34 + cells and growing erythroid cells to P. vivax parasites either from intact or lysed infected erythrocytes (IE) was examined for the effect on inhibition of cell development compared with untreated controls. Results: Both lysed and intact infected erythrocytes significantly inhibited erythroid growth. The reduction of erythro id growth did not differ significantly between exposure to intact and lysed IE and the mean growth relative to unexposed controls was 59.4 ± 5.2 for lysed IE and 57 ± 8.5% for intact IE. Interestingly, CD34 + cells/erythroid progenitor cells were susceptible to the inhibitory effect of P. vivax on cell expansion. Exposure to P. vivax also inhibited erythroid development, as determined by the reduced expression of glycophorin A (28.1%) and CD 71 (43.9%). Moreover, vivax parasites perturbed the division of erythroid cells, as measured by the Cytokinesis Block Proliferation Index, which was reduced to 1.35 ± 0.05 (P-value≤0.01) from a value of 2.08 ± 0.07 in controls. Neither TNF-a nor IFN-g was detected in the culture medium of erythroid cells treated with P. vivax, indicating that impaired erythropoiesis was independent of these cytokines. Conclusions: This study shows for the first time that P. vivax parasites inhibit erythroid development leading to ineffective erythropoiesis and highlights the potential of P. vivax to cause severe anaemia. © 2012 Panichakul et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
ISSN: 14752875
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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