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|Title:||Fasciola gigantica: The in vitro effects of artesunate as compared to triclabendazole on the 3-weeks-old juvenile|
|Keywords:||Immunology and Microbiology|
|Citation:||Experimental Parasitology. Vol.131, No.1 (2012), 8-19|
|Abstract:||The in vitro effect of artesunate (ATS) on the 3-week-old juveniles of Fasciola gigantica was compared with triclabendazole (TCZ) by incubating the parasites in M-199 medium containing the drugs at concentrations of 20, 40, and 80 μg/ml for 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24. h. The anthelmintic activities of these drugs were evaluated based on the relative motility value (RM) and the alterations of the tegument as observed by scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy. The RM values of TCZ-treated flukes decreased significantly from 6 to 24. h for all dosages. For ATS-treated flukes, RM value decreased markedly from 12 to 24. h, but the rates of decline were less than TCZ at the same doses. When observed by SEM, the tegument showed similar sequence of morphological changes after treatments with both drugs, comprising of swelling of tegumental ridges, followed by blebbing and later rupturing of the blebs, lead ing to erosion and lesion, and disruption of the tegument. When examined by TEM, ultrastructural changes in the tegument and associated structures after treatments with TCZ and ATS were similar which comprised of swelling, blebbing of the tegument, dilation of basal infoldings, and depolymerization of the microtrabecular network. After a longer incubation time, the tegument was completely sloughed off and the tegument cell bodies became necrotic. Additionally, in ATS-treated flukes, mitochondria showed severe swelling, rupturing of outer membrane, and their interior filled with flocculent materials. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2011-2015|
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