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Title: Microbial counts and particulate matter levels in indoor air samples collected from a child home-care center in Bangkok, Thailand
Authors: Pipat Luksamijarulkul
Yuwadee Ratthanakhot
Pisit Vatanasomboon
Mahidol University
Wachiraphuket Hospital
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2012
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.95, No.SUPPL 6 (2012)
Abstract: Objective: To assess the microbial count (bacteria and fungi) and particulate matter with sizes less than 10 μm (PM 10 ) level in indoor air of a child home-care center in Bangkok. Material and Method: A total of 287 air samples were collected from the indoor air of twenty households which were part of a child home-care center to assess bacterial and fungal counts (212 samples) and PM 10 levels (66 samples). Additionally, fiftytwo and twenty-six outdoor air samples were collected to compare microbial count and PM 10 levels. Results: It was found that means ± standard deviation (SD) for bacterial and fungal counts in the child home-care center were 527.8 ± 230.9 cfu/m 3 and 514.6 ± 256.7 cfu/m 3 , respectively (those in outdoor air samples were 264.6 ± 179.7 cfu/m 3 and 308.7 ± 217.3 cfu/m 3 , respectively). The mean ± SD of PM 10 level was 125.1 ± 48.0 μg/m 3 (that in outdoor air samples was 120.1 ± 66.9 μg/m 3 ). When compared with the level for the indoor air quality guideline, 47.2% and 47.6% of total air samples had bacterial and fungal counts higher than the recommended levels and 47.0% of total air samples had PM 10 levels higher than the recommended level. Conclusion: The present study found that about 47% of total air samples collected from the child home-care center had bacterial and fungal counts and PM 10 levels higher than the recommended levels. These results may affect the health of a child who spends most of his/her time in this center. Some intervention or preventive endeavors should be undertaken, including periodic cleaning and maintenance of the ventilation systems and adoption of a regular schedule for room cleaning should be implemented.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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