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|Title:||Role of CD61<sup>+</sup>cells in thrombocytopenia of dengue patients|
Hui Mien Hsiao
Aftab A. Ansari
Guey Chuen Perng
Emory University School of Medicine
Thailand National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
National Cheng Kung University
|Citation:||International Journal of Hematology. Vol.96, No.5 (2012), 600-610|
|Abstract:||Although hematological disorders with salient features of thrombocytopenia have been well documented in dengue patients, the role of CD61-expressing platelets and the megakaryocytic cell lineage in the pathogenesis of dengue virus (DENV) infection remains largely unexplored. A prospective observational study was performed using blood samples andPBMCsfromdengue-confirmed patients, as well as from rhesus monkeys (RM) experimentally infected with DENV. Immunohistochemical staining and FACS techniques were applied to evaluate the frequencies of CD61 + cells that contained DENV antigen. Highly enriched population of CD61 + cells was also isolated from acute DENV-infected RM and assayed for DENV RNA by quantitative RT-PCR. Results revealed that DENV antigen was found in small vesicles of varying size, and more frequently in anucleated cells associated with platelets in dengue patients. The DENV antigen-containing cells were CD61 + And appeared to share characteristics of egakaryocytes. Kinetic profiles of CD61 + cells from DENV-infected RM revealed a transient increase in CD61 + CD62P + cells early after DENV infection. DENV RNA in a highly enriched population of CD61 + cells fromthe infectedRMwas observed during acute stage. Our results indicate that virus containing CD61 + Cells may be directly linked to the platelet dysfunction and low platelet count characteristics of dengue patients. © 2012 The Japanese Society of Hematology.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2011-2015|
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