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Title: Ultrasonography in the treatment of a pediatric midline neck mass
Authors: Archwin Tanphaichitr
Bharat Bhushan
John Maddalozzo
James W. Schroeder
Mahidol University
Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2012
Citation: Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. Vol.138, No.9 (2012), 823-827
Abstract: Objective: To assess the effectiveness of ultrasonography for determining which pediatric midline neck masses should be treated surgically. Design: Retrospective study. Setting: Tertiary care pediatric hospital. Patients: Pediatric patients with a midline neck mass who underwent ultrasonography from 2003 to 2011. Main Outcome Measures: Demographics, ultrasonography, and surgical and pathology reports were studied. The ultrasonography findings and pathological analyses were compared. Results: One hundred twenty-two patients met the inclusion criteria. The most common diagnosis obtained by ultrasonography was thyroglossal duct cyst (48.4%), followed by reactive lymph node (27.9%). Ninety-five of 122 patients (77.9%) underwent surgery. Twenty-seven patients (22.1%) were treated nonsurgically. The diagnosis and characteristics obtained from ultrasonography were confirmed by surgical pathologic analysis in 84.2% of the surgical cases. Of the 95 patients who underwent surgery, 85 (89.5%) had a non-lymph node lesion diagnosed by ultrasonography and confirmed by pathologic analysis. Ultrasonography was only 66.1% accurate in specifically diagnosing thyroglossal duct cyst and 30.0% accurate in specifically diagnosing reactive lymph node when compared with surgical specimens. Conclusions: Ultrasonography is helpful in determining the pediatric midline neck masses that need to be removed surgically. It is less helpful in determining the exact pathologic characteristics of the lesion. ©2012 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1538361X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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