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Title: Smoking Prevalence Among Monks in Thailand
Authors: Nipapun Kungskulniti
Naowarut Charoenca
Tharadol Kengganpanich
Wilai Kusolwisitkul
Natchaporn Pichainarong
Patcharaporn Kerdmongkol
Phimpan Silapasuwan
Stephen L. Hamann
Thalida Em Arpawong
Mahidol University
Rangsit University
Keck School of Medicine of USC
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2012
Citation: Evaluation and the Health Professions. Vol.35, No.3 (2012), 305-322
Abstract: Previous studies among Buddhist monks in Thailand have reported smoking rates to be as high as 55%. Because 95% of Thais are Buddhist, monks are highly influential in establishing normative behavioral patterns. As the first population-based study on smoking among Buddhist monks in Thailand, this study aims to determine the smoking prevalence in six regions of the country, and to examine smoking knowledge, risk perceptions, behaviors, and associated demographics among full-fledged and novice monks (n = 6,213). Results demonstrated that the overall prevalence for current smoking monks is 24.4% (95% confidence interval [24.453, 24.464]), with regional differences ranging from 14.6% (North) to 40.5% (East). Findings suggest that integrating prevention and cessation programming into religious courses may be one avenue for reaching many incoming monks. Further, involving monks in tobacco control education and setting a nonsmoking standard among them is vital to the success of reducing smoking rates among the general population in Thailand. © The Author(s) 2012.
ISSN: 15523918
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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