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Title: Visual outcome and prognostic factors in posterior segment intraocular foreign bodies.
Authors: Somanus Thoongsuwan
Nuttawut Rodanant
Chakrapong Namatra
Adisak Trinavarat
Jutalai Tantaterdtum
Apichart Singalavanija
Supamas Rojananin
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2012
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet. Vol.95 Suppl 4, (2012)
Abstract: To identify the prognostic factors that predict visual outcome in eyes with penetrating ocular injuries with retained intraocular foreign bodies (IOFBs). Retrospective cases series The authors reviewed the records of 228 patients who had penetrating eye injuries with retained posterior segment IOFBs managed at Siriraj Hospital between June 1995 and February 2008. One hundred and forty-one patients (61.8%) were included in the present study. Associations between final visual outcome and various pre-operative and post operative variables were statistically analyzed. After a mean follow-up of 10.4 +/- 7.7 months, 68 eyes (48.2%) achieved visual acuity of 6/18 or better The final visual acuity ranged between 6/24 and 6/60 in 22 eyes (15.6%) and 51 eyes (36.2%) had visual acuity less than 6/60. Final visual acuity significantly depended on initial visual acuity (p = 0.002), size of entry wound (p = 0.020), size of foreign body (p = 0.018), presence of vitreous hemorrhage (p = 0.014), retinal detachment (p = 0.026) and endophthalmitis (p < 0.0001). Visual outcome in penetrating ocular injuries with retained IOFBs was affected by initial visual acuity, size of entry wound, size of foreign body, vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment and endophthalmitis. These factors may be helpful for pre-operative counseling and predicting the final visual outcome.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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