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Title: Acquired hypoprothrombinemia inducing bleeding in a girl with transient antiphospholipid antibody: Case report
Authors: Usanarat Anurathapan
Werasak Sasanakul
Nongnuch Sirachainan
Chanchai Kasemkosolsri
Suphaneewan Jaovisidha
Ampaiwan Chuansumrit
Mahidol University
Pitsanuvej Hospital
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2012
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.95, No.2 (2012), 282-287
Abstract: Background: Congenital or acquired prothrombin deficiency is a rare condition. Case Report: A 2-year-7-month old Thai girl presented with ecchymosis, bleeding at both thighs and right ear lobe after a self-limited viral infection. Results: The investigations revealed prolonged APTT and PT, prothrombin level 6% and positive anticardiolipin antibody 26.2 IU/mL. The 1:1 mixture of her plasma and normal plasma could not normalize her APTT and PT. The inhibitor to prothrombin determined by Bethesda method was 0.62 BU. She was responsive to 20 ml/kg of FFP transfusion, followed by 10 ml/kg at an interval of 12 h for three days and daily 500 units of prothrombin complex concentrate administration for three days. At two-week follow-up, she had no bleeding symptom, coagulation tests were normal, prothrombin level was normalized at 94%, no inhibitor to prothrombin was detected, and anticardiolipin antibody became negative. The additional DNA analysis of her prothrombin gene revealed nine different polymorphisms for which seven had been found in patients with congenital prothrombin deficiency and two were novel (4096T→C, 4097T→C). These single nucleotide polymorphisms are not the disease-causing mutations. In addition, neither known mutations inducing congenital prothrombin deficiency were identified. Conclusion: The acquired hypoprothrombinemia was concluded as the cause of bleeding in this reported patient. It might be caused by the transient low titer of antiphospholipid antibody, which was responsive to replacement therapy of FFP and prothrombin complex concentrate.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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