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Title: Meta-analysis of pinning in supracondylar fracture of the humerus in children
Authors: Patarawan Woratanarat
Chanika Angsanuntsukh
Sasivimol Rattanasiri
John Attia
Thira Woratanarat
Ammarin Thakkinstian
Mahidol University
University of Newcastle, Australia
Chulalongkorn University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2012
Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. Vol.26, No.1 (2012), 48-53
Abstract: OBJECTIVES:: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of lateral pinning versus cross pinning in pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures. DATA SOURCES:: The Cochrane library, MEDLINE, CINAHL, specific orthopaedic journals, abstracts/papers from conferences and meetings, and reference lists of articles were searched from inception to September 2007. STUDY SELECTION:: All randomized controlled trials and cohort studies comparing outcomes (ie, loss of fixation, iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury, and Flynn criteria) between crossed and lateral pinning were identified. DATA EXTRACTION:: Two authors independently assessed methodological quality and extracted data by using a standardized data extraction form. DATA SYNTHESIS:: Heterogeneity among studies was assessed using the Q test. Pooled relative risk was estimated using the Mantel-Haenszel method. Eighteen of 1829 studies were included with 1615 supracondylar fractures (837 and 778 children with cross and lateral pinning, respectively). The average age was 6.1 ± 0.9 years. The risk of iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury was 4.3 (95% confidence interval, 2.1-9.1) times higher in cross pinning compared with lateral pinning. There was no significant difference for loss of fixation, late deformity, or Flynn criteria between the two types of pinning. CONCLUSIONS:: Lateral pinning is preferable to cross pinning for fixation of pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures as a result of decreased risk of ulnar nerve injury. Copyright © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
ISSN: 15312291
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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