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Title: Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas
Authors: William F. Laurance
D. Carolina Useche
Julio Rendeiro
Margareta Kalka
Corey J.A. Bradshaw
Sean P. Sloan
Susan G. Laurance
Mason Campbell
Kate Abernethy
Patricia Alvarez
Victor Arroyo-Rodriguez
Peter Ashton
Julieta Benítez-Malvido
Allard Blom
Kadiri S. Bobo
Charles H. Cannon
Min Cao
Richard Carroll
Colin Chapman
Rosamond Coates
Marina Cords
Finn Danielsen
Bart De Dijn
Eric Dinerstein
Maureen A. Donnelly
David Edwards
Felicity Edwards
Nina Farwig
Peter Fashing
Pierre Michel Forget
Mercedes Foster
George Gale
David Harris
Rhett Harrison
John Hart
Sarah Karpanty
W. John Kress
Jagdish Krishnaswamy
Willis Logsdon
Jon Lovett
William Magnusson
Fiona Maisels
Andrew R. Marshall
Deedra McClearn
Divya Mudappa
Martin R. Nielsen
Richard Pearson
Nigel Pitman
Jan Van Der Ploeg
Andrew Plumptre
John Poulsen
Mauricio Quesada
Hugo Rainey
Douglas Robinson
Christiane Roetgers
Francesco Rovero
Frederick Scatena
Christian Schulze
Douglas Sheil
Thomas Struhsaker
John Terborgh
Duncan Thomas
Robert Timm
J. Nicolas Urbina-Cardona
Karthikeyan Vasudevan
S. Joseph Wright
Juan Carlos Arias-G.
Luzmila Arroyo
Mark Ashton
Philippe Auzel
Dennis Babaasa
Fred Babweteera
Patrick Baker
Olaf Banki
Margot Bass
Inogwabini Bila-Isia
Stephen Blake
Warren Brockelman
Nicholas Brokaw
Carsten A. Brühl
Sarayudh Bunyavejchewin
Jung Tai Chao
Jerome Chave
Ravi Chellam
Connie J. Clark
José Clavijo
Robert Congdon
Richard Corlett
H. S. Dattaraja
Chittaranjan Dave
Glyn Davies
Beatriz De Mello Beisiegel
Rosa De Nazaré Paes Da Silva
Anthony Di Fiore
Arvin Diesmos
Rodolfo Dirzo
Diane Doran-Sheehy
Mitchell Eaton
James Cook University, Australia
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
University of Adelaide
University of Stirling
Duke University
Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
World Wildlife Fund
University of Dschang
Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden Chinese Academy of Sciences
McGill University
Columbia University in the City of New York
Nordic Foundation for Development and Ecology
Bart de Dijn Environmental Consultancy
Florida International University
Universitat Marburg
California State University Fullerton
Muséum national d’histoire naturelle (MNHN)
United States Geological Survey
King Mongkuts University of Technology Thonburi
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
Tshuapa-Lomami-Lualaba Project
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
Ashoka Trust for Research in EcologyandtheEnvironment (ATREE)
University of Twente
Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Da Amazonia
Wildlife Conservation Society
University of York
La Selva Biological Station
Nature Conservation Foundation
Kobenhavns Universitet
Leiden University
Wildlife Conservation Society Uganda
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Oregon State University
Museo delle Scienze
University of Pennsylvania
Universitat Wien
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
University of Kansas Lawrence
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Wildlife Institute of India
Unidad de Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia
Museo Historia Nat. Noel Kempff M.
Yale University
Institute of Tropical Forest Conservation
Budongo Conservation Field Station
Monash University
Utrecht University
Finding Species
University of Kent
Mahidol University
University of Puerto Rico
Universitat Koblenz-Landau
National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Thailand
Taiwan Forestry Research Institute
Universite Paul Sabatier Toulouse III
Wildlife Conservation Society
Universidad Central de Venezuela
National University of Singapore
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação de Biodiversidade
O Conselho Regional de Engenhara
University of Texas at Austin
National Museum of the Philippines
Stanford University
Stony Brook University
University of Colorado at Boulder
Wildlife Conservation Society
University of Calgary
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Montclair State University
University of California, San Diego
Field Museum of Natural History
Universitat de Barcelona
Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis
Missouri Botanical Garden
University of Leeds
Wild Chimpanzee Foundation
Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve
Tunghai University
Clemson University
Osaka City University
Instituto Florestal
Botanical Research Institute of Texas
South China Botanical Garden
Anglia Ruskin University
Fundación para la Conservación del Bosque Chiquitano
Universitat Ulm
Mbarara University of Science and Technology
Conservation International
Society of Subtropical Ecology
Royal HaskoningDHV
Boston University
Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques Abidjan
Universidade Estadual de Londrina
University of Alabama
Parque Estadual Horto Florestal
Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
National Taiwan University
Julius-Maximilians-Universitat Wurzburg
Organization for Tropical Studies
USDA International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Makerere University
Green Capacity, Inc.
Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi
Ohio State University
Wildlife Conservation Society
Universidade Federal do Para
Lukuru Wildlife Research Foundation
Aarhus Universitet
Nagoya University
University of Waterloo
Kent State University
Institute of Entomology, Biology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
University of Washington, Seattle
PNG Institute of Biological Research
Anton de Kom Universiteit van Suriname
Pondicherry University
Fundação Florestal
Research Centre for Biology
The University of Georgia
Strix Wildlife Consultancy
Southern Illinois University at Carbondale
Zoological Society of Milwaukee
Danum Valley Field Centre
University of Oxford
San Diego State University
Museum fur Naturkunde
City University of New York
National Institutes for the Humanities, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature
Hochschule Karlsruhe - Technik und Wirtschaft
National Zoological Park
Gola Forest Programme
Wake Forest University
University of California, Los Angeles
University of Southern California
Institute of Applied Ethnobotany
Texas A and M University
Universitat Gottingen
Wildlife Conservation Society
Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology india
Paluma Environmental Education Centre
Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria - Embrapa
Treasure Valley Math and Science Center
Rice University
Resources Himalaya Foundation
Gunung Palung National Park
Keywords: Multidisciplinary
Issue Date: 13-Sep-2012
Citation: Nature. Vol.489, No.7415 (2012), 290-293
Abstract: The rapid disruption of tropical forests probably imperils global biodiversity more than any other contemporary phenomenon. With deforestation advancing quickly, protected areas are increasingly becoming final refuges for threatened species and natural ecosystem processes. However, many protected areas in the tropics are themselves vulnerable to human encroachment and other environmental stresses. As pressures mount, it is vital to know whether existing reserves can sustain their biodiversity. A critical constraint in addressing this question has been that data describing a broad array of biodiversity groups have been unavailable for a sufficiently large and representative sample of reserves. Here we present a uniquely comprehensive data set on changes over the past 20 to 30 years in 31 functional groups of species and 21 potential drivers of environmental change, for 60 protected areas stratified across the worlds major tropical regions. Our analysis reveals great variation in reserve health: about half of all reserves have been effective or performed passably, but the rest are experiencing an erosion of biodiversity that is often alarmingly widespread taxonomically and functionally. Habitat disruption, hunting and forest-product exploitation were the strongest predictors of declining reserve health. Crucially, environmental changes immediately outside reserves seemed nearly as important as those inside in determining their ecological fate, with changes inside reserves strongly mirroring those occurring around them. These findings suggest that tropical protected areas are often intimately linked ecologically to their surrounding habitats, and that a failure to stem broad-scale loss and degradation of such habitats could sharply increase the likelihood of serious biodiversity declines. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 14764687
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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