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Title: Bionomics of Anopheles maculatus complex and their role in malaria transmission in Thailand.
Authors: E. S. Upatham
C. Prasittisuk
S. Ratanatham
C. A. Green
W. Rojanasunan
P. Setakana
N. Theerasilp
A. Tremongkol
V. Viyanant
S. Pantuwatana
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jun-1988
Citation: The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health. Vol.19, No.2 (1988), 259-269
Abstract: The bionomics of Anopheles maculatus complex and its role in malaria transmission were conducted in Pakchong and Sadao districts, Nakhon Ratchasima and Songkhla provinces, respectively, from January 1984 to July 1985. In Pakchong, An. maculatus species A was the most dominant species, followed by species B form F and species C which was rare. The densities of species A and species B form F were high between July and November, with their peaks in October. Biting activities of both species occurred through out the night, with a major peak during the first quarter of the night on all seasons. In Sadao, only An. maculatus species B form E was detected with peak densities between February and June. Biting activities of this species varied according to seasons. The prevalence of mosquitoes was influenced by monthly rainfall, relative humidity and air-temperature. All species of female An. maculatus complex studied prefered to feed on animal rather than on human, and tended to bit human more outdoors than indoors, and thus exhibiting a zoophilic and exophagic behaviour. Life expectancies of An. maculatus species A ranged from 1.6 to 6.6 days, species B form F from 1.1 to 8.1 days, and species B form E from 0.7 to 21.2 days. The natural malaria infection rate was very low. Out of 4,430 guts dissected, only 0.23% were found infected with oocysts. There were no sporozoites detected in the 4,472 dissected salivary glands.
ISSN: 01251562
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1969-1990

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