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Title: Molecular cloning of the 130-kilodalton mosquitocidal δ-endotoxin gene of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis in Bacillus sphaericus
Authors: M. Trisrisook
S. Pantuwatana
A. Bhumiratana
W. Panbangred
Mahidol University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Environmental Science;Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 2-Jul-1990
Citation: Applied and Environmental Microbiology. Vol.56, No.6 (1990), 1710-1716
Abstract: A 3.7-kilobase (kb) XbaI fragment harboring the cryIVB gene (L. Thorne, F. Garduno, T. Thompson, D. Decker, M.A. Zounes, M. Wild, A.M. Walfield, and T.J. Pollock, J. Bacteriol. 166:801-811, 1986) which encoded a 130-kilodalton (kDa) mosquitocidal toxin from a 110-kb plasmid of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis 4Q2-72 was cloned into pUC12 and transformed into Escherichia coli. The clone with a recombinant plasmid (designated pBT8) was toxic to Aedes aegypti larvae. The fragment (3.7 kb) was ligated into pBC16 (tetracycline resistant [Tc(r)]) and transformed by the method of protoplast transformation into Bacillus sphaericus 1593 and 2363, which were highly toxic to Anopheles and Culex mosquito larvae but less toxic to Aedes larvae. After cell regeneration on regeneration medium, the Tc(r) plasmids from transformants (pBTC1) of both strains of B. sphaericus were prepared and analyzed. The 3.7-kb XbaI fragment from the B. thuringiensis subsp. israelensis plasmid was shown to be present by agarose gel electrophoresis and Southern b lot hybridization. In addition, B. sphaericus transformants produced a 130-kDa mosquitocidal toxin which was detected by Western (immuno-) blot analysis with antibody prepared against B. thuringiensis subsp. israelensis 130-kDa mosquitocidal toxin. The 50% lethal concentrations of the transformants of strains 1593 and 2362 against A. aegypti larvae were 2.7 x 10 2 and 5.7 x 10 2 cells per ml, respectively. This level of toxicity was comparable to the 50% lethal concentration of B. thuringiensis subsp. israelensis but much higher than that of B. sphaericus 1593 and 2362 (4.7 x 10 4 cells per ml) against A. aegypti larvae. The transformants also retained high toxicity against Anopheles and Culex mosquito larvae. Finally, the recombinant plasmids were highly stable upon daily subculture for at least 4 weeks in medium without tetracycline.
ISSN: 00992240
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1969-1990

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