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Title: Development and assessment of a real-time PCR assay for rapid and sensitive detection of a novel thermotolerant bacterium, Lactobacillus thermotolerans, in chicken feces
Authors: Abu Sadeque Md Selim
Piyanuch Boonkumklao
Teruo Sone
Apinya Assavanig
Masaru Wada
Atsushi Yokota
Hokkaido University
Maejo University
Mahidol University
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Environmental Science;Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2005
Citation: Applied and Environmental Microbiology. Vol.71, No.8 (2005), 4214-4219
Abstract: A new real-time PCR assay was successfully developed using a TaqMan fluorescence probe for specific detection and enumeration of a novel bacterium, Lactobacillus thermotolerans, in chicken feces. The specific primers and probe were designed based on the L. thermotolerans 16S rRNA gene sequences, and these sequences were compared to those of all available 16S rRNA genes in the GenBank database. The assay, targeting 16S rRNA gene, was evaluated using DNA from a pure culture of L. thermotolerans, DNA from the closely related bacteria Lactobacillus mucosae DSM 13345Tand Lactobacillus fermentum JCM 1173T, and DNA from other lactic acid bacteria in quantitative experiments. Serial dilutions of L. thermotolerans DNA were used as external standards for calibration. The minimum detection limit of this technique was 1.84 × 103cells/ml of an L. thermotolerans pure culture. The assay was then applied to chicken feces in two different trials. In the first trial, the cell population was 104cells/g feces on day 4 and 105cells/g feces on days 11 to 18. However, cell populations of 106to 107cells/g feces were detected in the second trial. The total bacterial count, measured by 4′,6-diamidino-2- phenylindole (DAPI) staining, was approximately 1011cells/g feces. These results suggest that in general, L. thermotolerans is a normal member of the chicken gut microbiota, although it is present at relatively low levels in the feces. Copyright © 2005, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN: 00992240
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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