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Title: Strain-induced crystallization of un-vulcanized NR detected by synchrotron X-ray measurement
Authors: Sureerut Amnuaypornsri
Seiichi Kawahara
Shigeyuki Toki
Jitladda Sakdapipanich
Yasuyuki Tanaka
Masamichi Hikosaka
Mahidol University
Nagaoka University of Technology
Stony Brook University
Hiroshima University
Keywords: Engineering
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2005
Citation: Polymer Preprints, Japan. Vol.54, No.2 (2005), 3640
Abstract: Strain-induced crystallization of un-vulcanized natural rubber (NR) was investigated by tensile test and synchrotron WAXD measurement with respect to naturally occurring network. NR was purified by deproteinization, acetone-extraction and transesterification to remove proteins, free fatty acids and linked fatty acids, respectively, which resulted, in turn, in decomposition of the naturally occurring network. Stress at break of NR was similar to that of deproteinized NR (DPNR), whereas it decreased after acetone extraction followed by transesterification. The transesterified DPNR did not show an abrupt increase in stress versus strain and its green strength was comparable to that of synthetic cis-1,4,-polyisoprene. The abrupt increase in stress was associated with the strain-induced crystallization, detected by WAXD measurement. The effect of strain-induced crystallization was proved with soluble and gel fractions of NR to be due to the naturally occurring network.
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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