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Title: Assessment of lead availability in contaminated soil using isotope dilution techniques
Authors: N. Tongtavee
J. Shiowatana
Ronald G. McLaren
Colin W. Gray
Mahidol University
Lincoln University, New Zealand
Keywords: Environmental Science
Issue Date: 15-Sep-2005
Citation: Science of the Total Environment. Vol.348, No.1-3 (2005), 244-256
Abstract: Isotope dilution methods using a stable isotope tracer (207Pb) were developed for the determination of Pb availability in contaminated soils. The methods included determination of E values (isotopically exchangeable pool), L values (plant labile pool) and isotopic exchange kinetics (IEK). Isotopically exchangeable Pb was monitored at different exchange times based on measurement of the207Pb/208Pb ratio in soil solution following addition of the tracer. The rate of decrease in the207Pb/208Pb ratio in solution could be described by using the same IEK equation as used previously with radioisotope tracers. The amounts of isotopically exchangeable Pb in Pb-contaminated soils estimated from long-term IEK parameters were in good agreement with directly determined E values up to 15 days. However, values of some of the fitted IEK parameters cast doubts on the validity of using the IEK approach with207Pb, most probably as a result of irreversible fixation of some of the spike by reactive surfaces in the soils. Estimation of isotopically exchangeable Pb using short-term kinetics data was unsuccessful, substantially underestimating E values. Results for the control (uncontaminated) soil were highly variable, most probably as a result of fixation of tracer by the soil and poor analytical precision due to low solution Pb concentrations. A compartmental analysis of the variation in E values with time indicates a good potential for estimating bioavailable Pb in contaminated soils. The amounts of available Pb obtained from summation of the E1minand E1 min-24 hpools (E(available)), accounting for an average of 57.62% of total soil Pb, were significantly correlated with both the L values and with Pb extracted from soil with EDTA. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00489697
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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