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Title: Effects of polyunsaturated fatty acids on the proliferation of mitogen stimulated bovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells
Authors: J. Thanasak
K. E. Müller
S. J. Dieleman
A. Hoek
J. P.T.M. Noordhuizen
V. P.M.G. Rutten
Utrecht University
Freie Universitat Berlin
Mahidol University
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Veterinary
Issue Date: 8-Apr-2005
Citation: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology. Vol.104, No.3-4 (2005), 289-295
Abstract: The present study aimed at analysis of the effects of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), linoleic acid (LA, C18:2n - 6) and linolenic acid (LNA, C18:3n - 3) on bovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in vitro. Both mitogen (ConA)-induced proliferative lymphocyte responsiveness during 4 days of culture and eicosanoid (prostaglandin E2(PGE2) and leukotriene B4(LTB4)) production during 36 h were determined in relation to the absence or presence of various concentrations of LA and LNA (0, 1, 5, 25, 125 and 250 μM). Mitogen-driven proliferative responses of lymphocytes tended to be uninfluenced in the presence of lower concentrations of LA, whereas significant inhibition was observed at the higher concentrations of LA (125 and 250 μM). However, increasing amounts of LNA did not affect the proliferation. ConA stimulation induced a clear PGE2response, which significantly decreased in the presence of 250 μM of LA. In addition, increasing amounts of LNA, but not LA, led to a significant decrease in LTB4levels. However, The production of LTB4did not alter due to mitogenic stimulation. In conclusion, the present study shows that bovine mononuclear cells may functionally be influenced by the presence of PUFA in their environment. Further studies need to be conducted to clarify in vivo consequences of these findings in a situation of PUFA enriched rations in ruminants. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 01652427
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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