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Title: The efficacy and safety of 30 mg fexofenadine HCI bid in pediatric patients with allergic rhinitis
Authors: Jarungchit Ngamphaiboon
C. Direkwattanachai
N. Visitsunthorn
M. Vangveeravong
M. Tiensuwan
Chulalongkorn University
Mahidol University
Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2005
Citation: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology. Vol.23, No.4 (2005), 169-174
Abstract: Allergic rhinitis is one of the most common chronic disorders in children. It is also one of the most common causes of absence from school. This study reports on the efficacy and safety of a twice-daily oral dose of fexofenadine HCI 30 mg in Asian children aged 6-11 years diagnosed with seasonal or perennial allergic rhinitis. A total of 100 children with a history of allergic rhinitis for more than one year and a positive prick skin test response to at least one of the common aeroallergens in Thailand were enrolled in this multi-center, open-label, non comparative study. The severity of individual symptoms such as sneezing, rhinitis, etc. and adverse events were recorded in diary cards by the patients in form of scores as well as by the investigator at each visit. The total symptom score (TSS) with or without blocked nose at baseline, week 1 and week 2 was recorded. The TSS was defined as the sum of the individual symptom scores except for the nasal blockage score, as nasal blockage was not expected to respond to antihistamine treatment. Only patients with a total symptom score ≥ 6 were included in the study. There was a statistically significant improvement at p < 0.01 for the TSS with or without blocked nose and for each symptom score such as blocked nose, sneezing, rhinorrhea, itchy nose/palate and/or throat, and itchy/watery/red eyes from baseline to week 1 and week 2. Additionally, there was a statistically significant improvement between week 1 and week 2 for itchy nose/palate and/or throat and itchy/watery/red eyes· (p < 0.05). The Kappa measure of agreement was statistically significant at p < 0.001 between investigator's and patient's / parent's assessment, indicating the same degree of satisfaction with the overall effectiveness of the treatment. Fexofenadine 30 mg bid is effective in reducing the total symptom score of allergic rhinitis including blocked nose and is generally well tolerated. It is not cardiotoxic and is safe for pediatric patients as young as 6 years of age.
ISSN: 0125877X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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