Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/16838
Title: A randomized comparison of artesunate-atovaquone-proguanil versus quinine in treatment for uncomplicated falciparum malaria during pregnancy
Authors: Rose McGready
Elizabeth A. Ashley
Eh Moo
Thein Cho
Marion Barends
Robert Hutagalung
Sornchai Looareesuwan
Nicholas J. White
François Nosten
Shoklo Malaria Research Unit
Mahidol University
Churchill Hospital
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2005
Citation: Journal of Infectious Diseases. Vol.192, No.5 (2005), 846-853
Abstract: Background. There is no safe, practical, and effective treatment for pregnant women infected with multidrug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum. Methods. We recruited pregnant Karen women in the second or third trimesters of pregnancy who had uncomplicated falciparum malaria for a randomized, open-label trial with a restricted sequential trial design of 7 days of supervised quinine (SQ7) versus 3 days of artesunate-atovaquone-proguanil (AAP). Results. Eight-one pregnant women entered the study between December 2001 and July 2003; 42 were treated with SQ7 and 39 were treated with AAP. Fever, parasite clearance, and duration of anemia were significantly better with AAP; the treatment failure rate was 7 times lower (5% [2/39] vs. 37% [15/41]; relative risk, 7.1 [95% confidence interval, 1.7-29.2]; P = .001). There were no significant differences in birth weight, duration of gestation, or congenital abnormality rates in newborns or in growth and developmental parameters of infants monitored for 1 year. Conclusion. AAP is a well-tolerated, effective, practical, but expensive treatment for multidrug-resistant falciparum malaria during the second or third trimesters of pregnancy. Despite the small number of subjects, our results add to the growing body of evidence that AAP is safe for the mother and the fetus. © 2005 by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved.
URI: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=23944483527&origin=inward
http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/16838
ISSN: 00221899
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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