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Title: Diagnosis disclosure in HIV-infected thai children
Authors: Vitharon Boon-Yasidhi
Uraporn Kottapat
Yuitiang Durier
Nottasorn Plipat
Wanatpreeya Phongsamart
Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit
Nirun Vanprapar
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2005
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.88, No.SUPPL. 8 (2005)
Abstract: Background: Increasing number of children with perinatally acquired HIV-infection are now surviving into school age and adolescence. Disclosure of diagnosis to these children has become an important clinical issue. Clinical reports and studies from other countries suggest that a significant number of these children have not been told of their HIV status. The objective of this study was to assess diagnosis disclosure status of perinatally acquired HIV-infected Thai children. Material and Method: Primary caregivers of 96 HIV-infected children aged 5 years and older were interviewed to assess the child disclosure status and the caregivers reasons to disclose or not to disclose the diagnosis to the child. The disclosed children were also interviewed to assess perception of their illness. Results: Nineteen of 96 children (19.8%) had been told of their HIV diagnosis by their caregivers. The mean age of the disclosed children was 9.6 years. Eighty-four percent of the disclosed children reported perception of their illness as having HIV infection or AIDS. Common reasons for non-disclosing were concerns that the child was too young, that the child might be psychologically harmed, and that the child could not keep the secret. Of 77 non-disclosing caregivers, 54 reported that they plan to disclose HIV status to the children in the future. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that diagnosis disclosure was made in only 1/5 of HIV-infected children, and that most of the caregivers were reluctant in disclosing serostatus to the child. Development of an appropriate guideline for assisting the caregivers and the children to deal with the difficult disclosure process is needed.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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