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Title: Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting (EEC) syndrome presenting with a large nephrogenic cyst, severe oligohydramnios and hydrops fetalis: A case report and review of the literature
Authors: Tuenjai Chuangsuwanich
Prasert Sunsaneevithayakul
Kobkun Muangsomboon
Chanin Limwongse
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2005
Citation: Prenatal Diagnosis. Vol.25, No.3 (2005), 210-215
Abstract: Objectives: To report a case of EEC syndrome with a large nephrogenic cyst detected by prenatal ultrasonography. Methods: Prenatal ultrasonographic detection, genetic counselling, termination of pregnancy, radiographic study, autopsy and ultrastructural study of scalp hair. The literature on EEC syndrome with genitourinary anomalies and prenatal diagnosis was also reviewed. Results: A 6-cm cyst in the right side of abdominal cavity was detected in a fetus of 24 weeks' gestational age with severe oligohydramnios and hydrops fetalis. The autopsy revealed bilateral renal dysplasia with a large nephrogenic cyst at the right side and markedly hypoplastic urinary bladder and pulmonary hypoplasia. The fetus also had ectrodactyly and syndactyly of hands and feet and ectodermal dysplasia and left cleft lip and palate. Ultrastructure of hair from scanning electron microscopy revealed no obvious abnormality. Conclusion: This is a rare case of fetal malformation partly detected prenatally. In order to detect this syndrome, careful ultrasound search for acral anomalies should be performed in cases with renal malformation or obstructive uropathy. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
ISSN: 01973851
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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