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Title: Serum proteins and nutritional status of free-living Thai elderly
Authors: Praneet Pongpaew
Rungsunn Tungtrongchitr
Benjaluck Phonrat
Venus Supawan
Areeya Lertchawanakul
Somsak Tawprasert
Niyomsri Vudhivai
Frank Peter Schelp
Mahidol University
Rajavithi Hospital
Freie Universitat Berlin
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Medicine;Nursing;Social Sciences
Issue Date: 1-Jan-1995
Citation: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. Vol.20, No.3 (1995), 219-227
Abstract: Fifty-six Thai males and 146 Thai females aged 60 years and above visiting a special clinic for the elderly were investigated. The serum protein and immunoglobulin of these elderly were assessed. Anthropometric measurements were also taken. From a random sample of the group, the dietary intake of main nutrients was determined by a 24 h recall method with the help of food models. Weight, height and mid-arm muscle circumference of males were greater than those of females. Triceps skinfold thickness was less in the males than in the females. Forty-seven per cent of the individuals investigated had α1-antitrypsin levels below 200 mg/dl and 25.4% had IgG levels of 200 mg/dl and 39% IgA levels above 450 mg/dl. The males tend to consume more calories in the form of carbohydrates than the females. The nutritional density of fat was less than 20% in the males. A negative correlation between serum albumin and height and a positive correlation between serum IgG and tricep skinfold thickness were found. Weight was found to have a positive correlation with calories, carbohydrates and fat. Height correlated positively with calories, protein and carbohydrates. Serum prealbumin correlated with fat intake. It is concluded that, except for α1-antitrypsin, IgA, serum proteins are found in a range normally detected also in elderlies in western countries. Body composition does not relate to level of protein intake. © 1995.
ISSN: 01674943
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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