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Title: Seroprevalence of human herpesvirus 6 and 7 infections in the Thai population
Authors: U. Kositanont
C. Wasi
N. Ekpatcha
A. Poomchart
S. Likanonsakul
I. Suphanip
K. Balachandra
K. Yamanishi
Mahidol University
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Dec-1995
Citation: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology. Vol.13, No.2 (1995), 151-157
Abstract: Seroprevalence of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) and 7 (HHV-7) was estimated in the Thai population using indirect immunofluorescence assay to determine serum antibodies to HHV-6 and HHV-7. A total of 33 serum samples obtained from umbilical cord blood and venous blood of healthy persons at Siriraj Hospital and Krabi Hospital during 1990-1993 were investigated. Of 73 infants aged 0-1 month, 73% and 78% were found to be positive for HHV-6 and HHV-7 antibodies, respectively. Antibody to HHV-6 was detected in age groups 2-3 months (38%), 4-5 months (14%), 6 months (44%), 7-11 months (66%), 1-2 years (84%), 3-4 years (82%), 5-9 years (83%), 10-19 years (83%), 20-29 years (80%), 30-39 years (67%) and over 40 years (58%), respectively. The positive rates of HHV-7 antibody in aged groups 2-3 months, 4-5 months, 6 months, 7-11 months, 1-2 years, 3-4 years, 5-9 years, 10-19 years, 30-39 years, and over 40 were 50%, 21%, 10%, 37%, 47%, 82%, 75%, 72%, 72%, 67%, and 67%, respectively. At 6 months of age as the starting time of infections, 34% (14/41) and 9% (3/41) of infants had presumed primary infections of HHV-6 and HHV-7, respectively. In the follow-up study, 53% (20/38) of children were infected with HHV-6 prior to HHV-7 and only 5% vice versa. Eighty-four percent of children had acquired antibody to HHV-6 by 1-2 years old while 82% of children had acquired antibody to HHV-7 by 3-4 years old. These results suggest that HHV-6 and HHV-7 are prevalent viruses in the Thai population. The infections of both viruses begin at 6 months of age. However, infection of HHV-7 in most children begins later. The data also provided evidence that antigenic distinction between HHV-6 and HHV-7 existed with a limited cross-reactivity in an antibody test. The antibody responses to HHV-6 and HHV-7 occurred independently.
ISSN: 0125877X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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