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Title: In vivo and in vitro studies on the morphological change in the monkey epidermal Langerhans cells following exposure to dengue 2 (16681) virus
Authors: Suwimol Taweechaisupapong
Siriporn Sriurairatana
Subhkij Angsubhakorn
Sutee Yoksan
Natth Bhamarapravati
Mahidol University
Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Dec-1996
Citation: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. Vol.27, No.4 (1996), 664-672
Abstract: A direct comparison of skin Langerhans cell (LC) morphologic change following in vivo and in vitro exposure to dengue-2 (DEN-2) virus (16681) was performed in the monkey to investigate any differences in functional activity profiles. Time-lapse study of skin biopsy at the intradermal (id) virus injection sites, and thin skin sheets removed from the monkey with exposure to virus in culture medium, revealed a highly active migration of epidermal LCs in both sets of experimental specimens. The migration led to a relatively higher number of dendritic cells (DC) which appeared in active migrational profiles, in the superficial dermis. Moreover, obvious cytoplasmic structural changes, corresponding to their immunologic function, were observed in these superficial dermal DCs 2 hours after exposure. Despite their similar changes, early and late endosomes with degraded virus-like particles could be seen in the skin sheets owing to lagging in cellular physiological process in vitro, but none in the skin biopsies. Existence of these endosomes, which was extremely difficult to visualize in vivo, highlighted the mode of antigen processing by the endocytic pathway. The present study showed that the epidermal LC was a potent antigen-presenting cell for eliciting the success of id immunization and carried out the immunological activity in vivo or in vitro in the like manner, in respect to the physiological conditions.
ISSN: 01251562
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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