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Title: An in vitro study on thalassemic erythroid precursors in liquid culture
Authors: Archrob Khuhapinant
Ahnond Bunyaratvej
Somphong Sahaphong
Kovit Pattanapanyasat
Suthat Fucharoen
Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Dec-1997
Citation: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. Vol.28, (1997), 82-92
Abstract: Thalassemia is an inherited hematological disorder which can generally be classified according to the affected globin imbalance (α- or β- globin) into two main types, ie α- thalassemia and β- thalassemia. respectively. There is a wide range of cellular abnormalities associated with thalassemic erythrocytes such as hypochromia. microcytosis. reduced cellular deformability and membrane oxidative damage. The red cell abnormalities lead to premature destruction with marrow erythroid hyperplasia and ineffective erythropoiesis. The abnormalities in thalassemic red blood cells have been found along the erythroid differentiation pathway other than the mature stage as previously shown in bone marrow erythroid precursors and in reticulocytes, the penultimate stage of erythroid differentiation. However, there is a lag in our understanding of the more primitive erythroid stages due to the difficult and hazardous marrow aspiration and heterogeneity of cells derived. We have utilized a novel method of Two-Phase Liquid Culture (TPLC) of β- thalassemia/HbE erythroid precursors instead of conventional semisolid culture. This type of liquid culture can give higher cell yield with quite synchronous cell differentiation stages and easily be applied for other cellular analytical techniques. The peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) obtained from non-splenectomized and splenectomized β-thalassemia/HbE patients were first cultured in medium supplemented with 5637 conditioned medium for a 6-day period (phase I) and then transferred to medium supplemented with recombinant human erythropoietin to allow the terminal differentiation of erythroid precursors (phase II). During the phase I or II, the cultured cells were periodically sampled to determine the cell number, cytocentrifuged on glass slides and stained with Wnght stain for morphological assessment of their differentiation stages and analyzed flow cytometrically by staining with fluoresceinated anti-transferrin receptor (anti-CD71 ) and R-phycoerythrin-conjugated anti-glycophorin A After assessment by flow cytometry, the remaining stained cells were cytocentrifuged on glass slides and photographed by a fluorescent microscope and a laser scanning confocal microscope The results of morphological assessment, flow cytometric analysis and microscopic pictures will be presented.
ISSN: 01251562
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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