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Title: Levels of Serum Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha in Relation to Clinical Involvement and Treatment among Thai Adults with Plasmodium falciparum Malaria
Authors: Suporn Chuncharunee
Saengsuree Jootar
Apichai Leelasiri
Napaporn Archararit
Wichai Prayoonwiwat
Wichian Mongkonsritragoon
Pianvit Polvicha
Tanomsri Srichaikul
Mahidol University
Pramongkutklao Hospital
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Sep-1997
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.80, No.SUPPL. 1 (1997)
Abstract: Concentrations of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in serum were measured in 17 Thai men infected with Plasmodium falciparum malarial infections to determine whether they were affected by severity of infections or exchange transfusions. Twelve patients were considered having complicated malarial infections, eight of whom had cerebral malaria. Five patients had uncomplicated malarial infections. The results showed that malarial infection markedly raised TNF-α level above normal values (mean ±SEM 406 ± 38 vs 15 ± 5, p = 0.004). In complicated malaria, cerebral involvement appeared to significantly increase concentration of TNF-α when compared to values in uncomplicated malaria (mean ± SEM 496 ± 64 vs 339 ± 12, p = 0.01). Degree of parasitemia, intravenous quinine (day 0 value vs day 7 value) and exchange transfusion did not significantly affect TNF-α levels. Conclusion : Serum level of TNF-α is increased in Plasmodium falciparum malarial infections and may be a useful index to predict severity of malarial infection, cerebral malaria in particular.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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