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Title: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Gene Polymorphism in Healthy Thais and Patients with Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
Authors: Wannee Nitiyanant
Sutin Sriussadaporn
Sirirat Ploybutr
Praneet Watanakejorn
Monchaya Tunlakit
Sasitorn Bejrachandra
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-1997
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.80, No.12 (1997)
Abstract: Insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene has been shown to be associated with various cardiovascular disorders in diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Its association with the development of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) has been raised. This study was aimed to examine I/D polymorphism of ACE gene in healthy Thai subjects and patients with NIDDM. The I/D ACE genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction technique. Healthy unrelated subjects were 151 males and 147 females, 17-70 year old (mean±SD = 37.5±10.4). The unrelated diabetic patients were 42 males and 66 females, 20-79 years of age (mean±SD = 54.7±12.0). In healthy subjects, the ACE genotypes were DD 10.1 per cent, ID 39.2 per cent and II 50.7 per cent. Diabetic patients had similar distribution of ACE genotypes. The frequency of I and D alleles in diabetic patients was 0.69 and 0.31, similar to 0.70 and 0.30, respectively, in healthy subjects (p = 0.69). The frequency of I and D alleles in healthy Thai subjects was similar to the Japanese (I = 0.66 & D = 0.34) but different from Caucasians (I = 0.44-0.46 & D = 0.54-0.56). We conclude that I/D ACE gene polymorphisms may possess a racial difference. The similar frequency of both alleles in diabetic patients and healthy subjects suggests that there is no association between I/D polymorphism of ACE gene and diabetes mellitus in Thai individuals.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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