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|Title:||A New Ecology for Scrub Typhus Associated with a Focus of Antibiotic Resistance in Rice Farmers in Thailand|
Kenneth J. Linthicum
Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Thailand
|Keywords:||Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine;Veterinary|
|Citation:||Journal of Medical Entomology. Vol.35, No.4 (1998), 551-555|
|Abstract:||Following the documentation of chloramphenicol-resistant and doxycycline-resistant strains of Orientia tsutsugamushi (Hyashi) in northern Thailand, we conducted ecological and epidemiological studies near the houses of patients hospitalized with antibiotic-resistant infections. New associations between chiggers, rodents, and O. tsutsugamushi in active rice agriculture areas, an ecological habitat not described previously, are reported. Rattus rattus (L.) was the most common species (representing 85.8% of the 1,433 rodents processed), followed by Rattus losea (Swinhoe) (9.4%), Bandicota indica (Bechstein) (3.6%), and Rattus argentiventer (Robinson and Kloss) (1.3%). O. tsutsugamushi was isolated from 30% of the R. rattus and R. losea, 29% of the B. indica, and 33% of the R. argentiventer collected. Mean minimum infection rates were 0.03 in Leptotrombidium chiangraiensis Tanskul & Linthicum, a new species of chigger, and 0.002 in Leptotrombidium imphalum (Vercammen-Grandjean & Langston), a chigger species not previously associated with scrub typhus transmission. Efficient vertical and horizontal transmission of O. tsutsugamushi by L. chiangraiensis and L. imphalum was demonstrated. During a 19-mo period from October 1993 to April 1995, the overall prevalence of human IgM and IgG antibody to O. tsutsugamushi was 25.5 and 47.3%, respectively. L. chiangraiensis and L. imphalum are incriminated as vectors of O. tsutsugamushi in a rice field habitat associated with a focus of antibiotic resistance.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 1991-2000|
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