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|Title:||Effect of amino acid polymorphisms of house dust mite der p 2 variants on allergic sensitization|
Hales, Belinda J.
Thomas, Wayne R.
Mahidol University. Institute of Molecular Biosciences
Mahidol University. Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital. Department of Pediatrics
|Keywords:||Allergic reaction;Der p 2 Allergen;IgE binding;Open Access article|
|Citation:||Allergy Asthma Immunol Res. Vol.8, No.1 (2016), 55-62|
|Abstract:||PURPOSE: The sequence variations of the Der p 2 allergen of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus diverge along 2 pathways with particular amino acid substitutions at positions 40,47,111, and 114. The environmental prevalence and IgE binding to Der p 2 variants differ among regions. To compare IgE binding to Der p 2 variants between sera from Bangkok, Thailand and Perth, Western Australia with different variants and to determine the variant-specificity of antibodies induced by vaccination with recombinant variants. METHODS: The structures of recombinant variants produced in yeast were compared by circular dichroism and 1-anilinonaphthalene 8-sulfonic acid staining of their lipid-binding cavity. Sera from subjects in Bangkok and Perth where different variants are found were compared by the affinity (IC₅₀) of IgE cross-reactivity to different variants and by direct IgE binding. Mice were immunized with the variants Der p 2.0101 and Der p 2.0110, and their IgG binding to Der p 2.0103, 2.0104, and 2.0109 was measured. RESULTS: The secondary structures of the recombinant variants resembled the natural allergen but with differences in ANS binding. The IC₅₀ of Der p 2.0101 required 7-fold higher concentrations to inhibit IgE binding to the high-IgE-binding Der p 2.0104 than for homologous inhibition in sera from Bangkok where it is absent, while in sera from Perth that have both variants the IC₅₀ was the same and low. Reciprocal results were obtained for Der p 2.0110 not found in Perth. Direct binding revealed that Der p 2.0104 was best for detecting IgE in both regions, followed by Der p 2.0101 with binding to other variants showing larger differences. Mouse anti-Der p 2.0101 antibodies had a high affinity of cross-reactivity but bound poorly to other variants. CONCLUSIONS: The affinity of IgE antibody cross-reactivity, the direct IgE binding, and the specificities of antibodies induced by vaccination show that measures of allergic sensitization and therapeutic strategies could be optimized with knowledge of Der p 2 variants.|
|Appears in Collections:||MB-Article|
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