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Title: Antigenic disparity of Plasmodium vivax causing initial symptoms and causing relapse
Authors: Srisin Khusmith
Savanat Tharavanij
Danai Bunnag
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Sep-1998
Citation: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. Vol.29, No.3 (1998), 519-524
Abstract: Relapse infections are an important obstacle to the successful treatment and control of Plasmodium vivax malaria, but little is known about the nature of the relapse. To provide insight into the antigenic disparity of the parasites causing initial clinical symptoms and causing relapse, a panel of 58 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against erythrocytic stages of Plasmodium vivax was tested by indirect fluorescent antibody test in five relapse cases. The initial and relapse strains from three patients (R3, R4, and R5) exhibited similar IFA reactivity with all MAbs tested, whereas the isolates from two relapse cases (R1 and R2) showed different patterns of reactivity and were seen only with 15 MAbs In case R1, different IFA reactivities were observed with 12 MAbs, nine of which reacted with the initial (RPV261) but not the relapse (RPV393) isolates, whereas the other three MAbs reacted only with the relapse isolates. With regards to the second relapse case (R2) in whom two relapses occurred, different IFA reactivities were demonstrated with seven MAbs that reacted only with the initial isolate (RPV 182) and with the isolate from the first relapse (RPV 240) but not with the isolate from the second relapse (RPV 300). The antibody responses from patients who developed primary clinical symptoms and relapse were detected by Western immunoblotting. In cases R3, R4 and R5, there was no difference in the spectrum of antigens from initial and relapse sera recognized by the antibodies. In contrast, in cases R1 and R2, the molecules recognized by antibodies in initial and relapse sera were markedly altered. In case R1, the series of molecules of P. vivax antigens recognized by initial (RPV 261) and relapse (RPV 393) sera were 21, 25, 31, 39, 42, 61, 95, 115, 200, > 200 kDa and 21, 24, 31, 35, 57, 75, 200, > 200 kDa, respectively. In case R2, the initial serum (RPV 182) recognized P. vivax antigens with molecular weights of 23, 30, 52, 57, 68, 75, 85, 95, 115, and 195 kDa while the first relapse (RPV 240) and the second relapse sera recognized P. vivax antigens with molecular weights of 23, 30, 52, 85, 95,115 kDa and 30, 57, 68, 75, 85,195 kDa, respectively.
ISSN: 01251562
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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