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Title: Nutritional status and serum lipids of a rural population in Northeast Thailand - An example of health transition
Authors: Kamron Chaisiri
Praneet Pongpaew
Rungsunn Tungtrongchitr
Benjaluck Phonrat
Sirikul Kulleap
Pannavadee Sutthiwong
Chalor Intarakhao
Udomsak Mahaweerawat
Wongsa Khongdee
Pattara Sanchaisuriya
Sastri Saowakontha
Alfred Merkle
Frank P. Schelp
Khon Kaen University
Mahidol University
Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH
Freie Universitat Berlin
Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin
Keywords: Medicine;Nursing
Issue Date: 18-Jun-1998
Citation: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Vol.68, No.3 (1998), 196-202
Abstract: An investigation was undertaken in Northeast Thailand, a country undergoing rapid health transition, to find out whether there is a likelihood that the nutritional and lipid pattern of an adult population in Northeast Thailand is related to coronary heart disease in the same way as in western countries. In a cross-sectional study, the body mass index (BMI) and the waist-hip ratio as well as the important plasma lipids were determined. The nutritional status and the lipid profile of the predominantly middle-aged population is characterised by a generally favourable nutritional status and lipid concentrations, where the distribution, indicated by the medians, of the relevant variables over the total population is concerned. A rather high proportion of individuals was found to be over-nourished and to have high triglyceride levels. Individuals with high triglyceride levels run a risk of developing coronary heart disease only when the LDL-HDL fraction is above 5. Only 3% of the total population investigated had a LDL-HDL ratio above that value. Since hyper-triglyceridaemia is also linked to the insulin-resistent syndrome, it is concluded that, if the mortality, of coronary heart disease increases in future, then this must be accounted probably more to the after-effects of the insulin-resistant syndrome than to the direct effect of an atherogenic lipid pattern. This view is supported by a high prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in the population under survey. Preventive measures in the area should concentrate among others on reducing overnutrition, especially among women, and increasing physical activity and screening for NIDDM.
ISSN: 03009831
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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